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Location Taiwan (China), Taipei
Central coordinates 121o 27.00' East  25o 7.00' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 162 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Chinese Wild Bird Federation

Site description Extent of this site: situated in the southwest portion of the Kuantu plain, at the confluence of the Keelung and Tanshui Rivers, to the northwest of Taipei city. This site is about 8-10 km from the mouth of the Tanshui R. so it is tidally influenced. Along the shore of the Keelung R. is a levee, and outside the levee are mainly marshy landforms, mud flats, and tidal channels. Important plants include Kandelia Kandelia candel, Cyperus malaccensis, and Common Reed Phragmites comunis, with the mangrove forming the dominant vegetation, occupying 19 ha. About 55-ha land within the levee contain mostly freshwater and slightly brackish ponds, marshes, wet paddies, irrigation canals, and spoil dirt piles. Passing typhoons with torrential rains cause the flooding areas of the Kuantu Nature Park to increase in size. Here, benthic organisms are abundant, and form a suitable habitat for waterbirds, so the bird situation is excellent. According to the opinion of the Wild Bird Society of Taipei, migrating birds seem to be stopping here for longer periods than in the past due to the rich nutrients in the wet areas of the Kuantu Nature Park, and perhaps, many waterbirds eventually will overwinter here. Kuantu’s old name was Gandou (pole bean) which is what the aboriginals used to call it; later it became today’s Kuantu, a name with almost the same pronunciation.

Key Biodiversity IBA A4iii criterion species: Green-winged Teal with a maximum number of 10,000 birds. • A total of 293 species have been recorded here, including the Oriental White Stork, (max. 6 birds), Black-faced Spoonbill, Chinese Egret, Lesser White-fronted Goose and Swan Goose.

Non-bird biodiversity: • South of the tidal levee on the Keelung R. there is a mangrove ecosystem. The main aquatic plants are Cyperus malaccensis, Common Reed Phragmites communis, and Kandelia Kandelia candel. After 1978, the mangrove, Kandelia, became the dominant plant species. The north side ranges from aquatic and wetland to agricultural ecology.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Teal Anas crecca winter  2001  10,000 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kuantu Nature Preserve 55 protected area contained by site 55  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Estuarine waters; Freshwater lakes and pools; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Mangroves  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 82%
Notes: Added based on IBAs in Taiwan (2001).
urban/industrial/transport 5%
Notes: Listed as 'constructional use' in IBAs in Taiwan (2001).
not utilised 13%
Notes: Listed as 'unregistered' in IBAs of Taiwan (2001).

Protection status (PA)

References • Lin, Y. S. et al. 1988. Detailed Plan for the Kuantu Nature Park. Bureau of Reconstruction, Taipei City Government and Wild Bird Society of Taipei. • Kuo, D. R. and F. R. Lin. 1992. Bird investigation of the wetlands along the Tanshui River (1). WBFT Bird Conservation Research Series, No. 1. • Kuo, D. R. and F. R. Lin. 1993. Bird investigation of the wetlands along the Tanshui River (2). WBFT Bird conservation Research Series, No. 5. • Lin, M. C. 1994. Relationship between Landscape Evolution and Bird Flock Dynamic. Master Thesis, Biology Institute, Furen University. • Wetlands Conservation Workgroup. 1994. 1994 Planning examples of environmentally sensitive areas at the coast of Taiwan- bird, mangrove, and wetland investigations. Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan, Taiwan. • Chang. Y.S. and M. Li. 1995. Introduction of the six largest wetlands in Taiwan. The Voice of Taiwan’s Wildlife (10): 10-11. • Lin, P. P 1995. Affects of Landscape Evolution on Bird Population Structure at the Kuantu Nature Park. Master Thesis, Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University. • WBFT 1996. Bird investigation of the wetlands along the Tanshui River (3). WBFT Conservation Series, No. 14. • WBFT 1996. Bird investigation of the wetlands along the Tanshui River (4). WBFT Conservation Series, No. 14. • Gao, C. Y. and P. B. Li. 1997. Bird investigation of the wetlands along the Tanshui River (5). Wild Bird Society of Taipei. • Chiu, W. Y. and W. L. Chang. 1998. Classification and assessment of the water quality salinization and the eutrophication at the Kuantu wetland. Proceedings of the Fourth Coastal Wetland Ecology and Conservation Conference, WBFT. • Shao, G. C. 1999. Final research report on the dynamic of the biological resources at the Kuantu Nature Reserve and Nature Park. Bureau of Reconstruction, Taipei City Government. • Kuantu Nature Reserve: Compilers Woei-horng Fung, Ming-liang Chiang

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kuantu. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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