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Location Hungary, Békés,Hajdú-Bihar
Central coordinates 21o 26.00' East  47o 6.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C2, C6
Area 50,887 ha
Altitude 86 - 131m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Hungarian Ornithological and Nature Conservation Society

Site description A poorly-drained flood-plain situated between alluvial fans, and overlain by meadow and saline soils. The site is made up of four subsites: Nagy-Kerek-tiszta at Püspökladány, Gatály at Szerep, ásvány at Bihardancsháza, and the largest site, which lies between Váncsod and Csökmõ. The area is dominated by saline grasslands, which form a mosaic with extensive arable lands. Human activities include cattle- and sheep-grazing, goose and arable farming.

Key Biodiversity An important area for birds of lowland dry grassland. The site is part of a wider network of grassland fragments and includes areas that hold important local populations of Otis tarda. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (8 wintering birds), Aquila heliaca (1-5 birds on passage).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus breeding  2001  50-65 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Near Threatened 
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus passage  2001  200 individuals  unknown  C2  Near Threatened 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  2001  15 individuals  unknown  C1  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  2001  80-110 individuals  unknown  C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  2001  5,000-8,000 individuals  unknown  C2  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2001  35-50 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor breeding  2001  80-130 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bihari -Sík Landscape Protected Area 17,095 protected area contained by site 17,095  
Bihari legelo Nature Conservation Area 771 protected area contained by site 711  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  50%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  50%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 95%

Protection status National Partial International None711 ha of IBA covered by Nature Conservation Area (Bihari legelõ, 711 ha). 17,095 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Protected Area (Bihari-sík, 17,095 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bihar Plain. Downloaded from on 27/11/2015

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