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Location Hungary, Bács-Kiskun,Tolna
Central coordinates 18o 45.00' East  46o 7.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C3, C6
Area 17,839 ha
Altitude 78 - 97m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Hungarian Ornithological and Nature Conservation Society



Site description A large stretch of the Danube flood-plain, north of the town of Baja. The IBA covers a complex of habitats, including backwaters, marshes, meadows and both softwood and hardwood flood-plain forest, although approximately half of the forested area consists of plantations of non-native poplar Populus.

Key Biodiversity An important area for wintering wildfowl and local breeding populations of lowland forest birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bean Goose Anser fabalis passage  2001  8,000-10,000 individuals  unknown  C3  Least Concern 
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons passage  2001  2,000-4,000 individuals  unknown  C3  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2001  30-35 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug breeding  2001  4 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Endangered 
Black Kite Milvus migrans breeding  2001  20-25 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  2001  7-8 breeding pairs  unknown  C1, C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  2001  27-30 individuals  unknown  C1  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Béda-Karapancsa - HUDD20045 Habitats Directive 10,798 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Duna - Dráva National Park 49,473 protected area overlaps with site 17,779  
Gemenc Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 16,873 protected area contained by site 16,873  
Gemenc - HUDD10003 Birds Directive 19,641 protected area contains site 17,839  
Gemenc - HUDD20032 Habitats Directive 20,704 protected area contains site 17,839  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  40%
Grassland Humid grasslands  10%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  40%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
fisheries/aquaculture 10%
forestry 80%
hunting 90%
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation 15%
water management 15%

Protection status National High International High17,779 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Duna-Dráva, 49,479 ha). 16,873 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Gemenc, 16,873 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gemenc. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife