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Location Hungary, Heves,Nógrád
Central coordinates 20o 0.00' East  47o 49.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C6
Area 58,122 ha
Altitude 164 - 1,014m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Hungarian Ornithological and Nature Conservation Society

Site description A range of narrow mountain ridges situated between the Zagyva river and Tarna creek, including the Kékes summit, the highest point in Hungary. The vegetation is dominated by oak Quercus forest on acidic soils, with submontane Quercus, Carpinus, Fagus forests at higher altitudes. Large tracts of land are planted with spruce Picea, and the forested area as a whole is intensively managed, whilst orchards and grasslands are mostly abandoned. A popular area for recreation.

Key Biodiversity An important area for raptors and other forest species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia breeding  1997-2000  10-20 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  1997-2000  4-5 breeding pairs  C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1997-2000  3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  1997-2000  3 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo breeding  1997-2000  3-4 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Dendrocopos leucotos breeding  1997-2000  20-30 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gyöngyösi Sárhegy Nature Conservation Area 186 protected area contained by site 186  
Mátrai Landscape Protection Area 12,526 protected area contained by site 11,863  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  90%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 90%
nature conservation and research 50%
tourism/recreation 30%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National Partial International None186 ha of IBA covered by Nature Conservation Area (Gyöngyösi Sárhegy, 186 ha). 11,863 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Protected Area (Mátrai, 11,863 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mátra. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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