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Location Hungary, Csongrád
Central coordinates 20o 10.00' East  46o 15.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 29,483 ha
Altitude 76 - 87m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Hungarian Ornithological and Nature Conservation Society



Site description The IBA is situated between the River Tisza and the sandy highlands of Kiskunság, to the north of the town of Szeged. Fish-ponds and saline lakes are surrounded by saline grassland, arable land, orchards and forestry plantations. Some of the fish-ponds contain large reedbeds (Phragmites), and native forest exists along the River Tisza. Human activities include arable farming, horticulture, reed-harvesting (`Other' land-use, below) and hunting.

Key Biodiversity An important area for both breeding and passage waterbirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons passage  2001  1,400 individuals  unknown  C3  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser passage  2001  600 individuals  unknown  C3  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata passage  2001  880 individuals  unknown  C3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  2001  40 breeding pairs  unknown  C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  2001  60 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  2001  47 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Egretta garzetta breeding  2001  100 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  2001  20 breeding pairs  unknown  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  2001  500-550 breeding pairs  unknown  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  2001  110 breeding pairs  unknown  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  2001  86 breeding pairs  unknown  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba breeding  2001  310 breeding pairs  unknown  C2, C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  2001  2 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla winter  2001  15 individuals  unknown  C1  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  2001  21,000 individuals  unknown  C2  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2001  14 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  2001  80-100 adults only  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  2001  1-3 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus breeding  2001  120-130 breeding pairs  unknown  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  2001  120 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger breeding  2001  20 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2001  25 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Near Threatened 
Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon breeding  2001  30-40 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica breeding  2001  25 adults only  unknown  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Alsó-Tisza hullámtér - HUKN20031 Habitats Directive 7,930 protected area overlaps with site 6,768  
Alsó-Tisza-völgy - HUKN10007 Birds Directive 36,293 protected area overlaps with site 27,557  
Baksi-puszta - HUKN20019 Habitats Directive 4,875 protected area overlaps with site 4,394  
Kurca - HUKM20031 Habitats Directive 199 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Pusztaszer Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 5,000 protected area contained by site 5,000  
Pusztaszeri Landscape Protection Area 22,608 protected area contains site 22,320  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  8%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  20%
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  22%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  50%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
fisheries/aquaculture 12%
forestry 13%
nature conservation and research 5%
other 5%

Protection status National High International Partial22,320 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Protected Area (Pusztaszeri, 22,320 ha). 5,000 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Pusztaszer, 5,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lower Tisza Valley. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife