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Location Hungary, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén,Heves
Central coordinates 20o 30.00' East  48o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C1, C6
Area 62,873 ha
Altitude 136 - 959m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Hungarian Ornithological and Nature Conservation Society

Site description A mountain range between Eger and Miskolc, with deep valleys and a wide plateau. Deciduous oak Quercus forests exist between 200 m and 600 m, with submontane forests of Quercus, Carpinus and Fagus above 700 m. Oak forest, scrub and rocky grassland on the southern slopes experience a more continental micro-climate. Human activities include intensive forest management and hunting.

Key Biodiversity An important area for raptors and forest birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  2001  3-5 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  2001  5 breeding pairs  unknown  A1, B2, C1, C6  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bükk-fenns Habitats Directive 14,383 protected area contained by site 14,383  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei - HUBN10003 Birds Directive 66,208 protected area overlaps with site 52,812  
Bükki National Park 43,176 protected area contained by site 41,833  
Hór-völgy, Déli-Bükk - HUBN20002 Habitats Directive 5,520 protected area contained by site 5,520  
Kisgyõri Ásottfa-tetõ Habitats Directive 2,424 protected area contained by site 2,424  
Kisgyõri Halom-vár Habitats Directive 1,001 protected area overlaps with site 365  
Miskolctapolcai Tatár-árok Habitats Directive 537 protected area overlaps with site 494  
Szarvaskõ - HUBN20004 Habitats Directive 632 protected area overlaps with site 389  
Tard környéki erdõssztyepp - HUBN20009 Habitats Directive 462 protected area overlaps with site 249  
Vár-hegy Habitats Directive 2,037 protected area contained by site 2,037  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland  90%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 90%
military 5%
nature conservation and research 90%
tourism/recreation 20%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National Partial International None41,833 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Bükki, 41,833 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bükk. Downloaded from on 21/04/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife