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Location Hungary, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
Central coordinates 21o 25.00' East  48o 30.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C6
Area 94,223 ha
Altitude 94 - 896m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Hungarian Ornithological and Nature Conservation Society

Site description Situated near to the town of Sárospatak, and surrounded by the flood-plains of the Bodrog and Hernád rivers. Quercus, Carpinus and Fagus dominate the submontane forests, with montane Fagus forests existing on the northern slopes. Old, traditional orchards, vineyards and pastures occur in valleys and on slopes. Human activities include haymaking, grazing, hunting and mining.

Key Biodiversity The most important site for raptors in Hungary, with large numbers of woodpeckers also present: Picus canus, Dendrocopos medius and D. syriacus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1997-2000  10-18 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos breeding  1997-2000  4 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  1997-2000  6-7 breeding pairs  C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  1997-2000  8-18 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1997-2000  8-15 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1997-2000  50-60 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  1997-2000  161-165 breeding pairs  C1, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo breeding  1997-2000  4-9 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Picus canus breeding  1997-2000  45 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 
Dendrocopos leucotos breeding  1997-2000  60-70 breeding pairs  C6  Not Recognised 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bodrogszegi Várhegy Nature Conservation Area 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Zempléni Landscape Protection Area 27,783 protected area contained by site 26,496  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  80%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 90%
nature conservation and research 10%
tourism/recreation 20%
agriculture 5%

Protection status National Partial International None2 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Protected Area (Bodrogszegi Várhegy, 2 ha). 26,496 ha of IBA covered by Landscape Protected Area (Zempléni, 26,496 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Zemplén Mountains. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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