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Location Finland, Lapin lääni
Central coordinates 25o 30.00' East  68o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 529,718 ha
Altitude 400 m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

BirdLife SUOMI-FINLAND



Site description A very large northern wilderness surrounding the Lemmenjoki and Ivalojoki rivers. In the east of the area the landscape is dominated by treeless fjeld, separated by large areas of boreal forest, whereas peatlands cover most of the southern and western parts. There are numerous rivers, streams, lakes and ponds. Tourism is common, especially during summer in Lemmenjoki National Park, but in winter human activity is minimal.

Key Biodiversity An exceptionally important area for Arctic and boreal avifauna. Breeding birds include seven out of the 32 species in Europe that are restricted to the Arctic/tundra biome (when breeding) and 13 out of the 15 species in Europe that are restricted to the boreal biome (when breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Osprey Pandion haliaetus breeding  1996  3-10 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus resident  1991  500-2,000 breeding pairs  poor  C2  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus breeding  1996  30-70 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Smew Mergellus albellus breeding  1996  10-50 breeding pairs  poor  A3, B2, C2  Least Concern 
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata breeding  1996  10-50 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Circus cyaneus breeding  1996  30-100 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus breeding  1991  100-300 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1996  30-100 breeding pairs  poor  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria breeding  1991  1,000-5,000 breeding pairs  poor  A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula breeding  1991  300-1,000 breeding pairs  poor  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Dotterel Eudromias morinellus breeding  1991  100-400 breeding pairs  poor  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus breeding  1991  200-500 breeding pairs  poor  A3, A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica breeding  1996  10-50 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus breeding  1991  500-1,500 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus breeding  1991  300-1,000 breeding pairs  poor  A3, A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia breeding  1991  200-600 breeding pairs  poor  A3, A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola breeding  1991  5,000-15,000 breeding pairs  poor  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii breeding  1996  1-11 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus breeding  1991  500-2,000 breeding pairs  poor  A4i, B1i, B2, C3  Least Concern 
Ruff Calidris pugnax breeding  1991  500-2,000 breeding pairs  poor  B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus breeding  1996  50-200 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa breeding  1996  10-50 breeding pairs  poor  A3, C6  Least Concern 
Northern Hawk-owl Surnia ulula breeding  1996  10-100 breeding pairs  poor  A3, C6  Least Concern 
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus breeding  1996  30-100 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Picoides tridactylus resident  1991  300-1,000 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor breeding  1996  30-100 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Siberian Jay Perisoreus infaustus resident  1991  800-2,000 breeding pairs  poor  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus breeding  1991  200-500 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Siberian Tit Parus cinctus resident  1991  2,000-5,000 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus breeding  1991  1,000-3,000 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis breeding  1996  10-50 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica breeding  1991  1,000-5,000 breeding pairs  poor  C2  Least Concern 
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus breeding  1991  5,000-15,000 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra breeding  1991  500-2,000 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata breeding  1991  1,000-5,000 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca breeding  1991  300-1,000 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis breeding  1991  20,000 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla breeding  1991  30,000 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator breeding  1991  500-1,500 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera breeding  1996  30-300 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica breeding  1991  500-1,500 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus breeding  1991  300-1,000 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis breeding  1991  500-1,500 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds breeding  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   

IBA Monitoring

2010 medium very unfavourable low
Population
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie 2000 2600 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Mergellus albellus Smew 50 50 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Buzzard 150 110 breeding pairs 74 near favourable
Circus cyaneus 30 6 breeding pairs 20 not assessed
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover 5000 5000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover 300 300 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Eudromias morinellus Eurasian Dotterel 100 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable
Lymnocryptes minimus Jack Snipe 200 200 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 250 250 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel 2800 2800 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank 1300 1300 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank 900 900 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper 14000 14000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Calidris falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper 1800 1500 breeding pairs 84 near favourable
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope 300 210 breeding pairs 70 near favourable
Surnia ulula Northern Hawk-owl 100 100 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Picoides tridactylus 300 300 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Lanius excubitor Great Grey Shrike 100 100 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Perisoreus infaustus Siberian Jay 4000 4000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing 850 850 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Parus cinctus Siberian Tit 5500 5500 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Luscinia svecica Bluethroat 4000 4000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart 25000 25000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher 7000 7000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Anthus pratensis Meadow Pipit 20000 20000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Fringilla montifringilla Brambling 70000 80000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak 900 900 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Emberiza rustica Rustic Bunting 500 110 breeding pairs 22 very unfavourable
Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur 10000 10000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting 500 5 breeding pairs 1 very unfavourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hammastunturin erämaa Wilderness Area 182,230 protected area contained by site 182,809  
HAMMASTUNTURIN ERÄMAA - FI1300203 Habitats Directive 154,903 protected area contained by site 154,903  
Lemmenjoen kansallispuisto National Park 285,933 protected area contained by site 284,928  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO - FI1300201 Birds Directive 285,990 protected area contained by site 285,990  
NAATSUKKA-AAPA - FI1300611 Birds Directive 10,609 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
PÖYRISJÄRVEN ERÄMAA - FI1300103 Birds Directive 146,834 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Puljun erämaa Wilderness Area 61,358 protected area contained by site 61,981  
PULJUN ERÄMAA - FI1300601 Birds Directive 56,351 protected area overlaps with site 48,558  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  50%
Grassland Tundra  15%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
other -

Protection status National High International High182,809 ha of IBA covered by Wilderness Area (Hammastunturi, 182,809 ha). 61,981 ha of IBA covered by Wilderness Area (Pulju, 61,981 ha). 284,928 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Lemmenjoki, 284,928 ha). 490,895 ha of IBA covered by 2 Special Protection Areas (Lemmenjoen kansallispuisto; Pulijun erämaa).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife