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Location Finland, Lapin lääni
Central coordinates 27o 30.00' East  69o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, C7
Area 51,750 ha
Altitude 150 m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description Situated north of Inari lake, a complex of very large peatlands (belonging to the palsa mires typical of Fjeld-Lapland), separated by small areas of ridge forest (Pinus sylvestris and Betula). Many rivers, streams, lakes and ponds occur in the area, including the Vaijoki river. Due to its remoteness and wetness the area has remained mainly free of human activities.

Key Biodiversity An important area for Arctic avifauna. Breeding birds include nine out of the 32 species in Europe that are restricted to the Arctic/tundra biome (when breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus breeding  1996  present  A3  Vulnerable 
Greater Scaup Aythya marila breeding  1996  1-11 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Melanitta nigra breeding  1996  1-11 breeding pairs  A3  Not Recognised 
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis breeding  1996  1-11 breeding pairs  A3  Vulnerable 
Smew Mergellus albellus breeding  1996  6-10 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica breeding  1996  11-50 breeding pairs  A3  Near Threatened 
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii breeding  1996  1-11 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus breeding  1996  11-50 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus breeding  1996  1-11 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus breeding  1996  1-11 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 high very unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose 5 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable
Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck 25 25 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 115 115 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur 6000 7500 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sammuttijängän-Vaijoenjängän soidensuojelualue Protected Mire 52,830 protected area overlaps with site 51,750  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   35%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs  65%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised -

Protection status National High International High51,750 ha of IBA covered by Peatland Reserve (Sammuttijänkä-Vaijoenjänkä, 51,812 ha). 51,693 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Kaldoaivin erämaa).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sammutinjänkä-Vaijoenjänkä. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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