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Location Finland, Lapin lääni
Central coordinates 25o 10.00' East  65o 50.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 12,628 ha
Altitude 70 m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A large complex of six adjacent mires just north of the Simo river. Practically all types of mires of the Kemi-Tornio region are represented. Kivalo, a 10-km-long series of hills, extends through the area, supporting old forests of Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix breeding  1987  51-100 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata breeding  1996  15 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola breeding  1987  800 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus breeding  1987  80 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Ruff Calidris pugnax breeding  1987  201-500 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus breeding  1987  21-50 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
MARTIMOAAPA-LUMIAAPA-PENIKAT - FI1301602 Birds Directive 14,086 protected area contains site 12,628  
Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat Mires Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 14,086 protected area contained by site 12,390  
Martimoaavan-Lumiaavan-Penikoiden soidensuojelualue Protected Mire 13,354 protected area contained by site 12,628  
Simojoki - FI1301613 Habitats Directive 1,153 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Native coniferous woodland  35%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs  60%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 90%

Protection status National High International High12,628 ha of IBA covered by Peatland Reserve (Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat, 12,628 ha). 12,390 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa, 12,390 ha). 12,527 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat. Downloaded from on 22/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife