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Location Finland, Lapin lääni
Central coordinates 25o 10.00' East  65o 50.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 12,628 ha
Altitude 70 m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A large complex of six adjacent mires just north of the Simo river. Practically all types of mires of the Kemi-Tornio region are represented. Kivalo, a 10-km-long series of hills, extends through the area, supporting old forests of Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies.

Key Biodiversity An important area for Arctic and boreal avifauna, especially for waders. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (max. 11 individuals, passage and wintering).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix breeding  1987  51-100 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata breeding  1996  15 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola breeding  1987  800 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus breeding  1987  80 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Ruff Calidris pugnax breeding  1987  201-500 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus breeding  1987  21-50 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 medium very unfavourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Lyrurus tetrix Black Grouse 120 135 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon 16 14 breeding pairs 88 near favourable
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper 800 400 breeding pairs 50 unfavourable
Calidris falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper 80 5 breeding pairs 7 very unfavourable
Calidris pugnax Ruff 200 35 breeding pairs 18 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat Mires Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 14,086 protected area contained by site 12,390  
Martimoaavan-Lumiaavan-Penikoiden soidensuojelualue Protected Mire 13,354 protected area contained by site 12,628  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Native coniferous woodland  35%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs  60%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 90%

Protection status National High International High12,628 ha of IBA covered by Peatland Reserve (Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat, 12,628 ha). 12,390 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa, 12,390 ha). 12,527 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife