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Location Finland, Oulun lääni
Central coordinates 29o 42.00' East  65o 38.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 11,211 ha
Altitude 300 - 380m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description Several adjacent areas of boreal forest and mire in southernmost Kuusamo. This is one of the most important areas of old-growth forest in Finland, and its value is increased by its location adjacent to large, intact forest areas in Russia. Standing and fallen dead trees and 400-500 year-old living trees are not uncommon. Aapa mires are also representative, with herb-rich slope swamps and a multitude of natural springs. Barren, natural Pinus sylvestris heaths are the most typical feature of the landscape. The IBA has remained largely natural, and current human impact is minor.

Key Biodiversity An important breeding area for boreal avifauna.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola breeding  1995  250-350 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Picoides tridactylus resident  1995  100-160 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus breeding  1994  550-800 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata breeding  1995  1,200-2,100 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus breeding  1995  100-300 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 low favourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper 250 230 breeding pairs 92 favourable
Picoides tridactylus 100 100 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart 650 650 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart 1400 1400 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Loxia pytyopsittacus Parrot Crossbill 100 70 breeding pairs 70 not assessed

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   60%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs  40%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised -

Protection status National None International High11,211 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Etelä-Kuusamon vanhat metsät).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife