email a friend
printable version
Location Finland, Länsi-Suomen lääni
Central coordinates 23o 4.00' East  63o 56.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Area 20,340 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A large archipelago in the north-east of the Gulf of Bothnia and some larger, forested islands, offshore of the town of Kokkola. The archipelago comprises numerous high and rocky islands, with large expanses of open water between them.

Key Biodiversity An important area for island-breeding birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator breeding  1997  501-1,000 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser breeding  1997  101-500 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Mew Gull Larus canus breeding  1997  700-900 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus breeding  1997  400-500 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus breeding  1997  70-80 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia breeding  1997  19 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 medium very unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Mergus merganser Goosander 100 33 breeding pairs 33 very unfavourable
Larus canus Mew Gull 900 1500 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull 400 400 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Hydrocoloeus minutus Little Gull 70 34 breeding pairs 49 unfavourable
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern 19 19 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kokkola and K Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 14,382 protected area overlaps with site 2,141  
Kokkola and K Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 14,918 protected area overlaps with site 14,472  
Kokkolan saaristo (SCI) - FI0800136 Habitats Directive 12,645 protected area contained by site 12,645  
Kokkolan saaristo (SPA) - FI1000033 Birds Directive 14,699 protected area contained by site 14,699  
Luodon saaristo - FI0800132 Birds Directive 14,460 protected area overlaps with site 2,041  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  -
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation 20%
unknown 80%

Protection status National None International Partial16,653 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Kokkolan saaristo).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago. Downloaded from on 28/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife