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Location Finland, Itä-Suomen lääni
Central coordinates 30o 40.00' East  63o 23.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 12,061 ha
Altitude 120 m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A large boreal area located east of Pielinen lake and adjacent to the Russian border. Ruunaa lake lies in the heart of the area and divides the site in two: to the east is a conservation and wilderness area, whilst to the west more recreational activities such as boating and fishing take place. There are many lakes within the site and a spectacular network of rivers and streams. Most of the land is covered by stands of dry Pinus sylvestris heath and numerous small bogs.

Key Biodiversity An important breeding area for boreal birds including Tetrao urogallus (100-500 pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1996  11-50 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Picoides tridactylus resident  1996  51-100 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus breeding  1996  101-500 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus breeding  1996  11-50 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 low near favourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (unknown use) past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low

Grus grus Common Crane 13 5 breeding pairs 39 not assessed
Picoides tridactylus 50 36 breeding pairs 72 near favourable
Turdus viscivorus Mistle Thrush 150 110 breeding pairs 74 near favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ruunaan luonnonsuojelualue State Nature Reserve 7,357 protected area contained by site 7,321  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Native coniferous woodland  55%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  50%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 15%
tourism/recreation 15%
not utilised 70%

Protection status National Partial International None7,321 ha of IBA covered by Specific Protection Area (Ruunaa, 7,321 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ruunaa. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife