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Location Finland, Etelä-Suomen lääni
Central coordinates 27o 14.00' East  60o 34.00' North
IBA criteria B1i, B2, C2, C6
Area 760 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti Bay are two wetlands adjacent to the town of Hamina. Kirkkojärvi lake, is almost totally covered by vegetation (reed Phragmites, etc.). It was previously heavily polluted by nutrients, and is still prone to silting but is managed by periodically raising the water-level. Lupinlahti Bay is a shallow, 5 km long, narrow bay of the Gulf of Finland, with reedbeds up to 200 m wide. Some parts of the shoreline are rocky, others have meadows and forests, with several houses and summer cottages.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  1997  250-350 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1997  11 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hevoshaka, Tompuri, Salmenkylä, Saunaniemi - FI0403002 Habitats Directive 5 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Kirkkojärvi - FI0403001 Birds Directive 249 protected area overlaps with site 206  
Lupinlahti - FI0425001 Birds Directive 393 protected area overlaps with site 329  
Pappilansaari-Lupinlahti - FI0425005 Habitats Directive 400 protected area overlaps with site 332  
Suvirannan luonnonsuojelualue Private Nature Reserve 58 protected area contained by site 54  
Suviranta - FI0425006 Habitats Directive 54 protected area overlaps with site 35  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  -
Unknown   5%
Coastline Lagoons  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
military -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
unknown -

Protection status National Partial International High54 ha of IBA covered by Protected Area on Private Land (Suviranta, 54 ha). 720 ha of IBA covered by two Special Protection Areas (Kikkojärvi; Pappilansaari-Lupinlahti).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay. Downloaded from on 22/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife