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Location Finland, Etelä-Suomen lääni
Central coordinates 27o 14.00' East  60o 34.00' North
IBA criteria B1i, B2, C2, C6
Area 760 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti Bay are two wetlands adjacent to the town of Hamina. Kirkkojärvi lake, is almost totally covered by vegetation (reed Phragmites, etc.). It was previously heavily polluted by nutrients, and is still prone to silting but is managed by periodically raising the water-level. Lupinlahti Bay is a shallow, 5 km long, narrow bay of the Gulf of Finland, with reedbeds up to 200 m wide. Some parts of the shoreline are rocky, others have meadows and forests, with several houses and summer cottages.

Key Biodiversity The area is also a nationally important staging area during spring for Cygnus columbianus (100-150 birds). Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (1-5 individuals, passage), Crex crex (1 pair, breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  1997  250-350 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1997  11 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 very high very unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Aythya ferina Common Pochard 400 100 individuals 25 very unfavourable
Mergellus albellus Smew 100 50 individuals 50 unfavourable
Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-harrier 5 3 breeding pairs 60 unfavourable
Gallinula chloropus 7 2 breeding pairs 29 very unfavourable
Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed-warbler 12 20 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Suvirannan luonnonsuojelualue Private Nature Reserve 58 protected area contained by site 54  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  -
Unknown   5%
Coastline Lagoons  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
military -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
unknown -

Protection status National Partial International High54 ha of IBA covered by Protected Area on Private Land (Suviranta, 54 ha). 720 ha of IBA covered by two Special Protection Areas (Kikkojärvi; Pappilansaari-Lupinlahti).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife