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Location Finland, Etelä-Suomen lääni
Central coordinates 27o 43.00' East  60o 31.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, C2
Area 196 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A small, shallow bay on the western edge of Virolahti Bay in the Gulf of Finland. Large parts of the area have silted up due to heavy nutrient input from drainage and sewage disposal. Reedbeds (Phragmites) dominate the vegetation on the bay, and the shores are bordered both by large marshes of sedges and grasses, and by belts of bushes and deciduous forests.

Key Biodiversity The most important staging area in the country for Cygnus columbianus. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (1-5 individuals, passage), Aquila clanga (2-5 individuals, passage), Crex crex (1-5 pairs, breeding), Gallinago media (passage).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  1996  101-500 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus passage  1996  51-100 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia passage  1996  11-50 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2010 high very unfavourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 200 100 individuals 50 unfavourable
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan 50 11 individuals 22 very unfavourable
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern 11 2 individuals 19 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Lagoons  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 50%
hunting 100%
Notes: Allowed over all area, but probably minor importance on dry land (->70%). Disturbance by hunting applies to whole area (in autumns).

Protection status National None International High195 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife