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Location Serbia, Voivodina-Srem
Central coordinates 19o 34.00' East  45o 4.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3
Area 49,210 ha
Altitude 100 - 539m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Bird Protection and Study Society of Serbia (Affiliate)

Site description A large, forest-covered massif situated in the north of Srem. Broadleaved forests (oak Quercus, lime Tilia, beech Fagus, hornbeam Carpinus and ash Fraxinus) are interspersed with steppe and wooded steppe, pasture, meadows, vineyards and arable land. Recreational tourism is well developed due to the proximity of Belgrade and Novi Sad.

Key Biodiversity Important site for forest-nesting species. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila clanga (passage).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2003-2008  4-7 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  2004-2008  1-3 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2000-2008  min 8 individuals  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  2004-2008  3 breeding pairs  A1  Vulnerable 
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  2001-2008  150-200 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster breeding  2001-2008  200-350 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  2001-2008  500-800 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Fruska Gora National Park 25,400 protected area contained by site 25,393  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  70%
Shrubland   -
Grassland Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  10%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  15%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
forestry 75%
hunting 60%
nature conservation and research 80%
tourism/recreation 90%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
water management -

Protection status National Partial International None25,400 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Fruška Gora, 25,400 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Fruska gora. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife