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Location Finland, Länsi-Suomen lääni
Central coordinates 22o 10.00' East  60o 25.00' North
IBA criteria B3, C7
Area 904 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A large, diverse, sparsely populated island closely connected to the city of Turku. Ruissalo is remarkable for both its natural and cultural history. The area supports about half of the natural Quercus forest in the country. Between and around the forests are numerous patches of farmland with narrow belts of reedbeds along the shoreline. The site also encompasses some small, barren islands lying off the main island.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Stock Dove Columba oenas breeding  1992  101-500 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ruissalon lehdot - FI0200057 Birds Directive 852 protected area overlaps with site 689  
Ruissalon Tammimetsä (luonnonsuojelualue) Private Nature Reserve 54 protected area overlaps with site 87  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  68%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  12%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
nature conservation and research 50%
unknown 30%

Protection status National Low International Partial87 ha of IBA covered by Protected Area on Private Land (Ruissalo, 56 ha). 798 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Ruissalon lehdot).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ruissalo. Downloaded from on 20/09/2014

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