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Location Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of
Central coordinates 21o 0.45' East  40o 56.20' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Area 19,598 ha
Altitude 0 - 900m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Macedonian Ecological Society (Affiliate)

Site description A very large inland freshwater lake, surrounded by mountains and extending into Albania (Albanian site 003) and Greece (Limni Megali Prespa, Greek site 047). The area given is the entire area of the lake.

Key Biodiversity No data are available for breeding birds. The International Waterfowl Census counts (in the Macedonian sector) in winters 1987 and 1988 recorded (1988 data unless stated) Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis (40), Netta rufina (80; 150 in 1987), Aythya fuligula (8,000) and Fulica atra (5,950). Additional reports of non-breeding birds include Podiceps cristatus (1,300), Pelecanus crispus (58), Anser anser (200) and Mergus merganser (90).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca resident  1998  5-10 breeding pairs  B2  Near Threatened 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1988  8,000 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus resident  2007  150-300 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  1998  20-50 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lake Prespa Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 18,920 protected area overlaps with site 18,920  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  97%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  2%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Prespa. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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