email a friend
printable version
Location Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of
Central coordinates 20o 43.55' East  41o 3.35' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3
Area 24,850 ha
Altitude 695 - 950m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Macedonian Ecological Society (Affiliate)

Site description A large inland freshwater lake in a mountain basin, part of which is in Albania (see Albanian site 002).

Key Biodiversity No data are available for breeding season. The International Waterfowl Census counts (in the Macedonian sector) in winter 1987 and 1988 recorded (1988 data unless stated) Tachybaptus ruficollis (1,090), Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis (70), P. aristotelis (10), Cygnus olor (100 in 1987), Aythya ferina (7,050), A. fuligula (2,200) and Fulica atra (32,100).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  2000  100 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  2000  32,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1988-2000  30,000-40,000 individuals  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region World Heritage Site 83,350 protected area contains site 24,850  
Ohrid Region World Heritage Site National Park Reserve 38,000 protected area contains site 25,100  
Ohridsko Ezero Natural Monument 23,000 protected area contained by site 24,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  99%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  1%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
unknown -

Protection status National Partial International HighIBA covered by Ornithological Reserve. 25,100 ha of IBA covered by World Heritage Site (Ohrid Region; 25,100 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Ohrid. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife