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Location Russia (European), Dagestan Republic
Central coordinates 46o 56.73' East  42o 35.35' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 4,750 ha
Altitude 550 - 2,140m
Year of IBA assessment 2008





Site description Wide mountain valley of Avarskoye Koisu river.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  2000-2007  1-2 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Near Threatened 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  2000-2007  1-2 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus winter  2000-2007  3-5 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium near favourable negligible
Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Shrubland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas   12%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  15%
Shrubland   55%
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  6%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
forestry 15%
hunting 80%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
rangeland/pastureland 80%
tourism/recreation 5%

Acknowledgements The identification of IBAs and information collected between 1980 and 2009 provided by the IBA network of the Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU).

References G.S.Dzhamirzoev

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Orota depression. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014

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