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Location Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of
Central coordinates 22o 18.30' East  41o 24.20' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, B2
Area 10,513 ha
Altitude 110 - 899m
Year of IBA assessment 2011

Macedonian Ecological Society (Affiliate)

Site description The site includes the Vardar gorge, Celevecka river and Krastavec ridge with cliffs and rocky hillsides, scrub, and woodland; there are also small areas of marsh, damp woodland, and some steppe habitat in the Vardar valley. Mainly inaccessible, some of the area is used as agricultural land, while hunting and cattle-grazing take place.

Key Biodiversity Breeding species include Ciconia nigra (1-2 pairs), Pernis apivorus (1-2 pairs), Milvus migrans (2-3 pairs), Circaetus gallicus (2 pairs), Accipiter brevipes (1 pair), Buteo rufinus (1 pair), Aquila chrysaetos (2 pairs), Hieraaetus pennatus (1 pair), Falco biarmicus (1-2 pairs), F. peregrinus (1 pair), Alectoris graeca, Bubo bubo (1-2 pairs), Coracias garrulus (3-4 pairs) and Cercotrichas galactotes. Gypaetus barbatus, Aegypius monachus and Falco cherrug also occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  common  A3  Near Threatened 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  2007  5-8 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes breeding  2005  4-6 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  2006-2010  2-3 breeding pairs  good  A1  Endangered 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  common  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer breeding  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  frequent  A3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  22%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  30%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  1%
Rocky areas   minor
Artificial - terrestrial   14%
Other   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 25%
hunting 100%
forestry 10%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Demir Kapija Gorge. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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