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Location Netherlands, Flevoland,Noord-Holland,Utrecht
Central coordinates 5o 19.00' East  52o 17.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Area 1,340 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Vogelbescherming Nederland

Site description A freshwater lake, bounded in the north by the dyke of Zuidelijk Flevoland polder (reclaimed in 1968) and in the south by the mainland. The site is connected to Lake Gooimeer (044) in the north-west and to Lake Nijkerkernauw (adjacent to Lake Wolderwijd, 043) in the south-east. There is an extensive reedbed along the mainland in the western corner. The site includes part of a grassland polder on the southern side. There is a shipping lane (dredged). This site, together with site 075, formed part of a single, larger site (former site NL033) in the previous pan-European IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989).

Key Biodiversity This is a roost for large numbers of Cygnus columbianus which come from feeding areas in nearby grassland polders (e.g. Arkemheen), but count data are not available.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus winter  1986-1990  1,197 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope winter  1988-1992  13,878 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata non-breeding  1987-1992  440 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Eemland Nature Reserve 177 protected area overlaps with site 146  
Eemmeer Nature Reserve 137 protected area contained by site 137  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  75%
Artificial - terrestrial Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  24%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 20%
water management 100%
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation 20%
urban/industrial/transport 30%
agriculture 20%
hunting 10%

Protection status National High International Partial1,200 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Eemmeer, 1,200 ha). 146 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Eemland, 177 ha). 137 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Eemmeer, 137 ha). 1,200 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Eemmeer, Gooimeer en IJmeer, 1,800 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Eemmeer. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife