|Central coordinates||5o 23.00' East 53o 3.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4|
|Year of IBA assessment||2000|
Ornithological information Non-breeding numbers are based on aerial counts, which tend to underestimate species with a scattered occurrence. The site is an important roost for geese Anser, but actual roosting numbers are poorly reflected by counts.
Site description A foreshore area of sandbanks, reedbeds and shallow waters along the Frisian west coast. It is a subsite of Lake IJsselmeer (034), and lies adjacent to the Workumerwaard (036) in the south. The northern border is formed by the Afsluitdijk which separates the IJsselmeer from the Wadden Sea (001). This site, together with site 036, formed part of a single, larger site (former site NL016) in the previous pan-European IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Scaup Aythya marila||winter||1990||30,640 individuals||good||A4i, B1i, B2, C3||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia||passage||1992||37 individuals||good||B1i, C2||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1990||-||unknown||A4iii, C4|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Friese IJsselmeerkust I||Natural Monument||4,800||protected area overlaps with site||1,582|
|Friese IJsselmeerkust II||Natural Monument||120||protected area overlaps with site||62|
|Makkumer - en Kooiwaard||Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy||900||protected area overlaps with site||48|
|Makkumer- en Kooiwaard||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||0||protected area overlaps with site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation||94%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||70%|
Management considerations The main problems are water management (the water-level is deliberately kept high during summer), the building of a new harbour, commercial reed-harvesting (`Other' threat, above), and recreation (leisure boating).
Protection status National High International High1,582 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Friese IJsselmeerkust I, 4,800 ha). 62 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Friese IJsselmeerkust II, 120 ha). 48 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Makkumer- en Kooiwaard, 51 ha). About 1,600 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Friese IJsselmeerkust, 5,130 ha).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Makkumer-and Kooiwaard. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/05/2013
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