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Location Vietnam, Lam Dong
Central coordinates 107o 23.00' East  11o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 30,635 ha
Altitude 150 - 659m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)



Site description Cat Loc is one of the three sectors of Cat Tien National Park, and is situated at the western extent of the Central Highlands. The topography of the site is characterised by steep low hills. Cat Loc supports a variety of habitat types, including secondary evergreen forest, bamboo forest, flooded forest and grassland. Cat Loc is one of the most important sites for the conservation of mammals in Vietnam. Among the mammals that have been confirmed to occur at the site are Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Lesser One-horned Rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondiacus, Gaur Bos gaurus, Black-shanked Douc Langur Pygathrix nigripes and Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon Nomascus gabrielle. Cat Loc is situated in the South Vietnamese Lowlands Endemic Bird Area (EBA). The site supports populations of all three bird species that occur in this EBA: Orange-necked Partridge Arborophila davidi, Germain's Peacock Pheasant Polyplectron germaini and Grey-faced Tit Babbler Macronous kelleyi. People belonging to a variety of ethnic groups inhabit Cat Loc and the national park buffer zone. Each of these groups have different land-use strategies and different impacts on the natural resources of the national park. The major threats to biodiversity at Cat Loc are conversion of forest land for agriculture, timber extraction, exploitation of non-timber forest products and hunting.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Orange-necked Partridge Arborophila davidi resident  2002  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Germain's Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron germaini resident  2002  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Grey-faced Tit-babbler Macronous kelleyi resident  1997  1 unknown  good  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cat Tien National Park 73,878 protected area contains site 30,635  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  40%
Artificial - terrestrial Abandoned farmland, disturbed ground; Arable land; Rice paddies  60%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
nature conservation and research 100%

Other biodiversity The following primate species have been recorded at Cat Loc by Ling (2000): Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularis, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides, Black-shanked Douc Langur Pygathrix nigripes and Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon Nomascus gabrielle.Cat Loc supports a population of Lesser One-horned Rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus estimated at 5-8 individuals (Ling, 2000). This is the only known population of this species in mainland Asia.

Protection status Cat Tien National Park consists of three sectors. The Nam Cat Tien sector is located in Tan Phu district, Dong Nai province. The Tay Cat Tien sector is located in Bu Dang district, Binh Phuoc province. The Cat Loc sector is located in Cat Tien and Bao Lam districts, Lam Dong province.Nam Cat Tien was decreed as a protected forest in 1978, and was subsequently upgraded to National Park status. The Tay Cat Tien and Cat Loc sectors were initially separate protected areas. In 1993, an investment plan that proposed combining all three sectors as Cat Tien National Park was completed, but was not approved. In 1997, a revised investment plan for Cat Tien National Park was prepared. This investment plan was approved in 1998.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Vietnam: key sites for conservation (Tordoff 2002)

References Nguyen Tran Vy, Nguyen Hoang Hao, Le Van Tinh and Tran Dinh Hung (2000b) [Distribution of seven pheasant species in Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam]. Cat Tien: Cat Tien National Park Management Board.Ling, S. (2000) A survey of wild cattle and other mammals, Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam. Cat Tien: WWF Cat Tien National Park Conservation Project.Atkins, R. A. and Tentij, M. (1998) The Orange-necked Partridge Arborophila davidi and five other galliforms in two protected areas in southern Vietnam. Amsterdam: Institute of Systematics and Population Biology, University of Amsterdam.BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Polet, G., Tran Van Mui, Nguyen Xuan Dang, Bui Huu Manh and Baltzer, M. (1999) The Javan Rhinos, Rhinoceros sondiacus annamiticus, of Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam: current status and management implications. Pachyderm 27: 34-48.Nguyen Tran Vy, Tran Van Mui and Polet, G. (1999) The 1999 survey on water-related birds in Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam. Cat Tien: WWF Cat Tien National Park Conservation Project.Nguyen Tran Vy, Le Hoang Hao. Le Van Tinh and Tran Dinh Hung (2000a) The year 2000 survey of waterfowl in Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam. Cat Tien: WWF Cat Tien National Park Conservation Project.Nguyen Tran Vy, Nguyen Hoang Hao, Le Van Tinh, Tran Dinh Hung and Nguyen Viet Su (2001a) Pheasant survey in Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam, 2001. Cat Tien: Cat Tien National Park Conservation Project.Nguyen Tran Vy, Nguyen Hoang Hao, Le Van Tinh, Tran Dinh Hung and Nguyen Viet Su (2001b) Water-related birds survey in Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam, 2001. Cat Tien: Cat Tien National Park Conservation Project.Vietnam-Russia Tropical Centre (2002) Results of Complex Zoological - Botanical Expedition in Cat Loc. Cat Tien National Park Conservation Project. Technical report No.36.Eames and Tordoff. In prep. Recent records and a conservation status review of some threatened and near threatened bird species in Vietnam.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cat Loc. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014

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