Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City
106o 54.00' East 10o 31.00' North
0 - 4m
Year of IBA assessment
BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)
Site description This IBA comprises Can Gio Man and the Biosphere Reserve in the coastal zone of Ho Chi Minh City. The area is situated in a recently formed estuary complex of tidal flats, where the Vam Co, Saigon and Dong Nai rivers discharge into the sea. The topography of Can Gio is low-lying and dynamic. The site is divided by a network of canals and rivers. The major habitat types found at Can Gio are plantation mangorve and naturally regenerating mangrove. The mudflats and sandbanks at the site are an important habitat for migratory shorebirds. There are several threats to biodiversity arising from the local population, the most significant of which are cutting mangrove trees for timber and fuelwood, and conversion of mangrove forest into aquacultural ponds.
Key Biodiversity Several globally threatened and near-threatened waterbird species have been recorded at Can Gio, including Nordmann's Greenshank Tringa guttifer and Spot-billed Pelican Pelcanus philippensis.
Non-bird biodiversity: Can Gio is reported to support a population of Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularis (Anon., 1998).
Artificial wetlands; Estuarine waters; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats
Artificial - terrestrial
Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies
Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research
Protection status In 1991, Can Gio was designated as a coastal protection forest. In 2000, Can Gio was designated as Vietnam's first Man and the Biosphere Reserve, and a management board was established.
References BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.ADB (1999) Draft coastal and marine protected areas plan. Hanoi: Asian Development Bank.Anon. (1998) Draft biosphere reserve nomination form: Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve. Draft submission to UNESCO.Eames and Tordoff (in prep) Recent records and a conservation status review of some near threatened and near threatened bird species in Vietnam.
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BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Can Gio. Downloaded from
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