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Location Vietnam, Kon Tum,Quang Nam
Central coordinates 107o 59.00' East  15o 4.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 29,763 ha
Altitude 500 - 2,598m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)

Site description This IBA is centred on Mt Ngoc Linh in Ngoc Linh (Kon Tum) Nature Reserve and Ngoc Linh (Quang Nam) proposed nature reserve. The IBA boundary follows that of Ngoc Linh (Quang Nam) proposed nature reserve as recommended by BirdLife International and FIPI (Tordoff et al., 2000), together with the areas of Ngoc Linh (Kon Tum) Nature Reserve that lie within Muong Hoong and Ngoc Linh communes. Mt Ngoc Linh is situated on the Kon Tum plateau, a mountain isolate, which is separated by relatively long distances from other high altitude areas. Mt Ngoc Linh is the highest point in the Central Highlands.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata resident  2002  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-crowned Barwing Actinodura sodangorum resident  2002  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Golden-winged Laughingthrush Garrulax ngoclinhensis resident  2002  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ngoc Linh (Kon Tum) Nature Reserve 41,420 protected area overlaps with site 13,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Hill evergreen forest (subtropical); Montane broadleaf evergreen forest  90%
Shrubland Secondary scrub  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 38%
not utilised 62%

Other biodiversity Three globally threatened primate species were recorded by Tordoff et al. (2000) at Mt Ngoc Linh: Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides and Douc Langur Pygathrix nemaeus ssp.The following threatened gymnosperm species have been recorded at Mt Ngoc Linh: Pinus dalatensis, Podocarpus neriifolius, Cephalotaxus mannii and Amenotaxus poilanei (Le Trong Trai et al., 1999). The Ngoc Linh massive is the only area in the world known to support Amenotaxus poilanei.The site also supports a population of the recently discovered, endemic mammal species, Truong Son Muntjac Muntiacus truongsonensis.

Protection status The establishment of a nature reserve at Ngoc Linh was decreed in 1986. However, because the proposed Ngoc Linh Nature Reserve straddled two provinces (Kon Tum and Quang Nam provinces) the investment plan for Ngoc Linh was not approved at ministerial level. In 1998, another investment plan for a 41,420 ha nature reserve in Kon Tum province was prepared by FIPI and BirdLife International. This investment plan was approved that same year. Following the establishment of Ngoc Linh (Kon Tum) Nature Reserve, FIPI and BirdLife International prepared a feasibility study for Ngoc Linh (Quang Nam) Nature Reserve, which recommended a total area of 18,430 ha for the nature reserve (Tordoff et al., 2000). This feasibility study was published in January 2000 and approved by Quang Nam PPC in April 2000. An investment plan will be prepared by FIPI and BirdLife in 2001. If this investment plan is approved by the PPC and MARD, Ngoc Linh (Quang Nam) Nature Reserve will be established.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Vietnam: key sites for conservation (Tordoff 2002)

References BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Tordoff, A. W., Tran Hieu Minh and Tran Quang Ngoc (2000) A feasibility study for the establishment of Ngoc Linh Nature Reserve, Quang Nam province, Vietnam. Hanoi: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Richardson, W. J., Bui Dac Tuyen, Le Van Cham, Nguyen Huy Dung, Ha Van Hoach, Nguyen Van Sang, Monastyrskii, A. L. and Eames, J. C. (1999) An investment plan for Ngoc Linh Nature Reserve, Kon Tum province: a contribution to the management plan. Hanoi: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Eames, J. C., Le Trong Trai and Nguyen Cu (1999a) A new species of Laughingthrush (Passeriformes: Garrulacinae) from the Western Highlands of Vietnam. Bulletin of the British Ornithological Club 119: 4-15.Eames, J. C., Le Trong Trai, Nguyen Cu and Eve, R. (1999b) New species of barwing Actinodura (Passeriformes: Sylviinae: Timaliini) from the western highlands of Vietnam. Ibis 141: 1-10.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ngoc Linh. Downloaded from on 01/10/2014

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