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Location Vietnam, Quang Binh
Central coordinates 105o 58.00' East  18o 2.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 23,524 ha
Altitude 80 - 494m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description This IBA comprises Khe Net proposed nature reserve, located in the lowlands of central Vietnam. The topography of the proposed nature reserve is characterised by low hills. The land cover of the area is dominated by lowland evergreen forest, at elevations between 150 and 400 m. Together with the contiguous Ke Go Nature Reserve in Ha Tinh province, Khe Net is the only area known to support a population of the globally endangered Vietnamese Pheasant Lophura hatinhensis in the world. Khe Net is situated within the Annamese Lowlands Endemic Bird Area (EBA), and supports a number of other endemic plant and animal taxa.

Key Biodiversity Khe Net proposed nature reserve supports six of a total of nine species which are considered as RRS in the central lowland forests, including Annam Partridge Arborophila merlini, Vietnamese Pheasant Lophura hatinhensis, Imperial Pheasant Lophura imperialis, Crested Argus Rheinarda ocellata, Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler Jabouillleia danjoui and Grey-faced Tit Babbler Macronous kelleyi. To date, Vietnamese Pheasant is only known from Ke Go Nature Reserve and Khe Net proposed nature reserve in the protected areas system in Vietnam. Imperial Pheasant has only been recorded at three sites: Ke Go, Khe Net and Dakrong proposed nature reserve, Quang Tri province. The population sizes of these species is little known, however recorded sightings from 1994, 1996 and 2000 indicate that Vietnamese Pheasant and Crested Argus are very rare and seem to be decreasing in number.

Non-bird biodiversity: Tiger Panthera tigris has been recorded at Khe Net (Le Trong Trai et al., 2001). Six species of globally threatened primates have been recorded at Khe Net proposed nature reserve: Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides, Assamese Macaque Macaca assamensis, Hatinh Langur Trachypithecus francoisi hatinhensis, Red-shanked Douc Langur Pygathrix nemaeus nemaeus and White-cheeked Crested Gibbon Nomascus leucogenys (Le Trong Trai et al., 2001). The following ungulate species have been recorded at Khe Nte proposed nature reserve: Giant Muntjac Megamuntiacus vuquangensis, Southern Serow Naemorhedus sumatraensis and Gaur Bos gaurus. However, the Gaur population at the site has been hunted to the brink of extinction and is unlikely to be viable in the long term (Le Trong Trai et al., 2001).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura hatinhensis resident  1994-2000  8-11 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Not Recognised 
Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata resident  1994  present  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Grey-faced Tit-babbler Macronous kelleyi resident  1994-2000  unknown  A2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised 100%

Protection status In 2001, BirdLife and FIPI published a feasibility study for the establishment of a nature reserve at Khe Net. The study proposes that a 23,524 ha nature reserve be established. The future establishment of a nature reserve at the site is dependent upon an investment plan being prepared, and being approved by Quang Binh Provincial People's Committee and MARD.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Vietnam: key sites for conservation (Tordoff 2002)

References BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Tran Hieu Minh, Do Tuoc and Nguyen Van Sang (2001) [Feasibility study for the establishment of Khe Net Nature Reserve, Quang Binh province, Vietnam]. Hanoi: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute. In Vietnamese.Eames, J. C., Lambert, F. R. and Nguyen Cu (1994) Pheasants in the Annamese Lowlands, Vietnam. Bird Conservation International 4(4): 343-382

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khe Net. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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