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Location Vietnam, Quang Tri
Central coordinates 107o 1.00' East  16o 31.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 40,526 ha
Altitude 300 - 1,102m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)



Site description This IBA comprises Dakrong proposed nature reserve. Dakrong proposed nature reserve is situated on a ridge of low mountains, which extend south-east from the Annamite mountains.

Key Biodiversity Dakrong proposed nature reserve is located in the southern part of the Annamese Lowlands Endemic Bird Area (EBA). Bird species of conservation concern inhabiting Dakrong proposed nature reserve include Edwards's Pheasant Lophura edwardsi and Imperial Pheasant Lophura imperialis.In 1996, Edwards's Pheasant Lophura edwardsi was rediscovered in Phong My commune, Thua Thien Hue province, and in Huong hoa commune, Quang Tri province. In December 1997, at least four specimens were trapped in Ba Long commune, Quang Tri province. Phong Dien and Dakrong proposed nature reserves support the only known population of Edwards's Pheasant in the world.One juvenile male Imperial Pheasant Lophura imperialis was captured at Dakrong in February 2000.

Non-bird biodiversity: Le Trong Trai et al. (1999) reported the occurrence of four threatened primate species at Dakrong proposed nature reserve: Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides, Red-shanked Douc Langur Pygathrix nemaeus nemaeus and Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon Nomascus gabrielle. Four threatened ungulate species have been reported to occur at Dakrong: Giant Muntjac Megamuntiacus vuquangensis, Gaur Bos gaurus, Southern Serow Naemorhedus sumatraensis ans Saola Pseudoryx nghetinhensis.Podocarpus neriifolius has also been recorded at Dakrong by Le Trong Trai et al. (1999).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura edwardsi resident  2002  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata resident  2002  present  A1  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2009 very high not assessed not assessed
  unset
-

Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dakrong Nature Reserve 0 protected area overlaps with site 0  

Local conservation groups The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Site Support Groups of Dakrong commune, Dakrong Nature Reserve 2004
Site Support Groups of Ba Long commune, Dakrong Nature Reserve. 2004

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  70%
Shrubland Secondary scrub  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
Notes: Shifting agriculture.
not utilised 95%

Protection status In combination with Phong Dien proposed nature reserve in Thua Thien Hue province, Dakrong proposed nature reserve supports the largest remaining area of lowland evergreen forest in central Vietnam. Dakrong proposed nature reserve is contiguous with Phong Dien proposed nature reserve. This extends the effective protection coverage of the combined area to over 80,000 ha. The two proposed nature reserves are isolated from forest areas in southern Quang Binh province by large expanses of agricultural land, scrub and grassland. However, Le Trong Trai et al. (1999) suggested that the possibility of establishing forest corridors to link the two proposed nature reserves to forest blocks to the west, in Laos, and south, in southern Thua Thien Hue province should be investigated.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Vietnam: key sites for conservation (Tordoff 2002)

References BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Richardson, W. J., Le Van Cham, Tran Hieu Minh, Tran Quang Ngoc, Nguyen Van Sang, Monatstyskii, A. L. and Eames, J. C. (1999) A feasibility study for the establishment of Phong Dien (Thua Thien Hue province) and Dakrong (Quang Tri province) Nature Reserves, Vietnam. Hanoi: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Garson, P. (2001) Pheasant taxonomy: a cunning way to remove species from the Red List! Oriental Bird Club Bulletin, 33: 52.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dakrong. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2014

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