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Location Vietnam, Thua Thien Hue
Central coordinates 107o 12.00' East  16o 27.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 41,548 ha
Altitude 50 - 1,615m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)

Site description This IBA comprises Phong Dien proposed nature reserve, which is dominated by a ridge of low mountains extending south-east from the Annamite mountains. The proposed nature reserve, together with the contiguous Dakrong proposed nature reserve, supports the largest remaining area of lowland evergreen forest in the Annamese Lowlands Endemic Bird Area (EBA). Perhaps the species of greatest conservation importance at Phong Dien is Edwards's Pheasant. Until its rediscovery in 1996, this species was believed to be extinct in the wild. Edwards's Pheasant has a very restricted range in central Vietnam, but reports from hunters suggest that this species is still relatively common in the proposed nature reserve.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura edwardsi resident  2002  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata resident  2002  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Grey-faced Tit-babbler Macronous kelleyi resident  1998  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Laughingthrush Garrulax vassali resident  1998  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Phong Dien Nature Reserve 0 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  70%
Shrubland Secondary scrub  30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

Other biodiversity Two recently described mammal species, endemic to Indochina, occur at Phong Dien: Saola Pseudoryx nghetinhensis and Giant Muntjac Megamuntiacus vuquangensis. Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides, Red-shanked Douc Langur Pygathrix nemaeus nemaeus and White-cheeked Crested Gibbon Nomascus leucogenys (given as Yellow-cheeked Gibbon Hylobates gabriellae in the report) are recorded at Phong Dien. Podocarpus nerifolius is also reported to occur at the site.

Protection status In 1998, following the rediscovery of Edwards's Pheasant Lophura edwardsi at the site, Phong Dien was included on the 2010 list as a 33,900 ha reserve. The draft nature reserve investment plan prepared by BirdLife and FIPI, in close collaboration with the Thua Thien Hue Provincial FPD, proposes establishing a 41,548 ha reserve in Phong Dien and A Luoi districts.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Vietnam: key sites for conservation (Tordoff 2002)

References BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Tran Hieu Minh, Tran Quoc Dung and Hughes, R. (2001) An investment plan for the establishment of Phong Dien Nature Reserve, Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Richardson, W. J., Le Van Cham, Tran Hieu Minh, Tran Quang Ngoc, Nguyen Van Sang, Monatstyskii, A. L. and Eames, J. C. (1999) A feasibility study for the establishment of Phong Dien (Thua Thien Hue province) and Dakrong (Quang Tri province) Nature Reserves, Vietnam. Hanoi: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Phong Dien. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

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