Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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Vietnam, Thua Thien Hue
107o 12.00' East 16o 27.00' North
50 - 1,615m
Year of IBA assessment
BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)
Site description This IBA comprises Phong Dien proposed nature reserve, which is dominated by a ridge of low mountains extending south-east from the Annamite mountains. The proposed nature reserve, together with the contiguous Dakrong proposed nature reserve, supports the largest remaining area of lowland evergreen forest in the Annamese Lowlands Endemic Bird Area (EBA). Perhaps the species of greatest conservation importance at Phong Dien is Edwards's Pheasant. Until its rediscovery in 1996, this species was believed to be extinct in the wild. Edwards's Pheasant has a very restricted range in central Vietnam, but reports from hunters suggest that this species is still relatively common in the proposed nature reserve.
Key Biodiversity Rather little information is available about the population of Edwards's Pheasant Lophura edwardsi at Phong Dien but reports from hunters suggest that this species is still relatively common in the proposed nature reserve. Detailed information is also lacking on the status of other key species recorded at the site, such as Annam Partridge Arborophila merlini and Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler Jabouileia danjoui, although the 1998 BirdLife/FIPI survey confirmed that Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata is still common. In February 2000, an Imperial Pheasant was captured in a forest area adjacent to Phong Dien proposed nature reserve. This globally threatened restricted-range species may also occur within the boundaries of the propsed nature reserve. For these reasons, Phong Dien proposed nature reserve can be considered a key site for the conservation of bird diversity in the Annamese Lowlands EBA.
Non-bird biodiversity: Two recently described mammal species, endemic to Indochina, occur at Phong Dien: Saola Pseudoryx nghetinhensis and Giant Muntjac Megamuntiacus vuquangensis. Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides, Red-shanked Douc Langur Pygathrix nemaeus nemaeus and White-cheeked Crested Gibbon Nomascus leucogenys (given as Yellow-cheeked Gibbon Hylobates gabriellae in the report) are recorded at Phong Dien. Podocarpus nerifolius is also reported to occur at the site.
Protection status In 1998, following the rediscovery of Edwards's Pheasant Lophura edwardsi at the site, Phong Dien was included on the 2010 list as a 33,900 ha reserve. The draft nature reserve investment plan prepared by BirdLife and FIPI, in close collaboration with the Thua Thien Hue Provincial FPD, proposes establishing a 41,548 ha reserve in Phong Dien and A Luoi districts.
References BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Tran Hieu Minh, Tran Quoc Dung and Hughes, R. (2001) An investment plan for the establishment of Phong Dien Nature Reserve, Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Richardson, W. J., Le Van Cham, Tran Hieu Minh, Tran Quang Ngoc, Nguyen Van Sang, Monatstyskii, A. L. and Eames, J. C. (1999) A feasibility study for the establishment of Phong Dien (Thua Thien Hue province) and Dakrong (Quang Tri province) Nature Reserves, Vietnam. Hanoi: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory.
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BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Phong Dien. Downloaded from
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