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Location Vietnam, Thua Thien Hue
Central coordinates 107o 12.00' East  16o 27.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 41,548 ha
Altitude 50 - 1,615m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)



Site description This IBA comprises Phong Dien proposed nature reserve, which is dominated by a ridge of low mountains extending south-east from the Annamite mountains. The proposed nature reserve, together with the contiguous Dakrong proposed nature reserve, supports the largest remaining area of lowland evergreen forest in the Annamese Lowlands Endemic Bird Area (EBA). Perhaps the species of greatest conservation importance at Phong Dien is Edwards's Pheasant. Until its rediscovery in 1996, this species was believed to be extinct in the wild. Edwards's Pheasant has a very restricted range in central Vietnam, but reports from hunters suggest that this species is still relatively common in the proposed nature reserve.

Key Biodiversity Rather little information is available about the population of Edwards's Pheasant Lophura edwardsi at Phong Dien but reports from hunters suggest that this species is still relatively common in the proposed nature reserve. Detailed information is also lacking on the status of other key species recorded at the site, such as Annam Partridge Arborophila merlini and Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler Jabouileia danjoui, although the 1998 BirdLife/FIPI survey confirmed that Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata is still common. In February 2000, an Imperial Pheasant was captured in a forest area adjacent to Phong Dien proposed nature reserve. This globally threatened restricted-range species may also occur within the boundaries of the propsed nature reserve. For these reasons, Phong Dien proposed nature reserve can be considered a key site for the conservation of bird diversity in the Annamese Lowlands EBA.

Non-bird biodiversity: Two recently described mammal species, endemic to Indochina, occur at Phong Dien: Saola Pseudoryx nghetinhensis and Giant Muntjac Megamuntiacus vuquangensis. Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides, Red-shanked Douc Langur Pygathrix nemaeus nemaeus and White-cheeked Crested Gibbon Nomascus leucogenys (given as Yellow-cheeked Gibbon Hylobates gabriellae in the report) are recorded at Phong Dien. Podocarpus nerifolius is also reported to occur at the site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lophura edwardsi resident  2002  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata resident  2002  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Grey-faced Tit-babbler Macronous kelleyi resident  1998  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Laughingthrush Garrulax vassali resident  1998  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 medium near favourable medium
  Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   42020 41262 99 74 near favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Phong Dien Nature Reserve 0 protected area overlaps with site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  70%
Shrubland Secondary scrub  30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status In 1998, following the rediscovery of Edwards's Pheasant Lophura edwardsi at the site, Phong Dien was included on the 2010 list as a 33,900 ha reserve. The draft nature reserve investment plan prepared by BirdLife and FIPI, in close collaboration with the Thua Thien Hue Provincial FPD, proposes establishing a 41,548 ha reserve in Phong Dien and A Luoi districts.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Vietnam: key sites for conservation (Tordoff 2002)

References BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Tran Hieu Minh, Tran Quoc Dung and Hughes, R. (2001) An investment plan for the establishment of Phong Dien Nature Reserve, Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Richardson, W. J., Le Van Cham, Tran Hieu Minh, Tran Quang Ngoc, Nguyen Van Sang, Monatstyskii, A. L. and Eames, J. C. (1999) A feasibility study for the establishment of Phong Dien (Thua Thien Hue province) and Dakrong (Quang Tri province) Nature Reserves, Vietnam. Hanoi: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Phong Dien. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014

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