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Location Vietnam, Gia Lai
Central coordinates 108o 22.00' East  14o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 41,710 ha
Altitude 570 - 1,748m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)

Site description This IBA comprises Kon Ka Kinh Nature Reserve, located in the Western Highlands of Vietnam. Kon Kah Kinh Nature Reserve is situated 12 km to the west of Kon Cha Rang Nature Reserve, linked by intervening forest areas. The two nature reserves, therefore, form an area large enough to support viable populations of large mammals, such as Tiger Panthera tigris, that neither area could support in isolation.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: The presence of Truong Son Muntjac Muntiacus truongsonensis, endemic to Indochina and only discovered in 1997, has been confirmed at Kon Ka Kinh Nature Reserve. This is currently known from only a single other protected area in Vietnam. Three globally threatened primate species are recorded at Kon Ka Kinh: Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctiodes, Grey-shanked Douc Langur Pygathrix nemaeus cinereus and Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon Nomascus gabriellae. In addition, a number of other species such as Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Tiger Panthera tigris, Southern Serow Naemorhedus sumatraensis and Malayan Porcupine Hystrix brachyura have also been recorded at Kon Ka Kinh (Le Trong Trai, 2000). 16 species recorded in Kon Ka Kinh are listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants as globally threatened, of which one is listed as Endangered (Pinus dalatensis), four are listed as Vulnerable (Fokienia hodginsii, Decussocarpus fleuryi, Cephalotaxus mannii and Calamus poilanei) and 11 are listed as Rare (Le Trong Trai, 2000).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chestnut-eared Laughingthrush Garrulax konkakinhensis resident  2002  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Grey-faced Tit-babbler Macronous kelleyi resident  1999  1 unknown  good  A2  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Laughingthrush Garrulax vassali resident  1999  1 unknown  good  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high unfavourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest Montane broadleaf evergreen forest  100000 55000 56 100 unfavourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kon Ka Kinh National Park 41,780 is identical to site 41,710  
Kon Ka Kinh National Park ASEAN Heritage 41,710 is identical to site 41,710  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Hill evergreen forest (subtropical); Montane broadleaf evergreen forest  84%
Shrubland Secondary scrub  16%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status Kon Ka Kinh Nature Reserve is situated 12 km west of Kon Cha Rang Nature Reserve, to which it is linked by intervening forest areas. However, the intervening forest areas are currently under forest enterprise management. In the nature reserve investment plan, BirdLife and FIPI strongly recommended that, in the future, these areas should be incorporated within the boundaries of the two nature reserves to form one continuous protected area. This recommendation is also contained within the Tropical Forestry Action Plan, the Biodiversity Action Plan for Vietnam and a recent review of the protected areas system in Vietnam published by Birdlife International and FIPI (BirdLife International and FIPI, 2001).

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Vietnam: key sites for conservation (Tordoff 2002)

References BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Le Trong Trai, Le Van Cham, Tran Quang Ngoc and Tran Hieu Minh (2000) An investment plan for Kon Ka Kinh Nature Reserve, Gia Lai province: a contribution to the management plan. Hanoi: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kon Ka Kinh. Downloaded from on 21/11/2014

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