|Location||Vietnam, Nam Dinh|
|Central coordinates||106o 10.00' East 19o 58.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||0 - 2m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2002|
Site description The Nghia Hung district has 12 km of coastline and is bordered to the west and east by the Day and Ninh Co Rivers. There are three coastal communes in the district; Ngia Trung, Nam Dien and Nghia Phuc.
Key Biodiversity During April 1994, it was estimated that more than 30,000 shorebirds were in Nghia Hung district. A high tide roost of shorebirds has been located on the southernmost offshore island: three high-tide counts were made on the island and a maximum of 1774 shorebirds were recorded during May 1996.
Non-bird biodiversity: Can also be classified as A4i for containing 2.1% of the world population of Tringa erythropus.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor||winter||2002||present||-||A1, A4i||Endangered|
|Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes||non-breeding||2002||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||non-breeding||2002||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus||unknown||2002||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmaea||winter||2002||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus||winter||1996||1 unknown||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer||passage||2002||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Saunders's Gull Saundersilarus saundersi||winter||2002||present||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2002||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2013||very high||very unfavourable||negligible|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||marine and freshwater aquaculture - industrial aquaculture||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Marine Coastal/Supratidal||0||0||poor (40-69%)||poor (40-69%)||very unfavourable|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Very little or no conservation action taking place||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Artificial wetlands; Estuarine waters; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Sand dunes and beaches - riverine||75%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Nghia Hung was proposed a nature reserve by Birdlife and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (FIPI). This idea has the support of Nam Dinh Provincial People's Committee and Forest protection Department (FPD). Nghia Hung is not listed on any official decree related to the Special-use Forest system, however is included on a proposed list of protected areas currently being prepared by FPD and FIPI, as a 7,600 ha nature reserve.
References BirdLife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Instutute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.Pedersen, A. and Nguyen Huy Thang (1996) The conservation of key coastal wetland sites in the Red River Delta. Hanoi: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Nghia Hung. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2015
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