|Location||Vietnam, Dong Thap|
|Central coordinates||105o 31.00' East 10o 44.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 2m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2002|
Site description Tram Chim National Park supports one of the last remnants of the Plain of Reeds wetland ecosystem, which previously covered some 700,000 ha. The site is located 19 km to the east of the Mekong river. The topography of the national park is flat, and slopes slightly to the east. The site has large areas of seasonally inundated grassland and Melaleuca forest. Large populations of waterbirds are found at the site, particularly in the winter when many thousands of waterfowl visit.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Garganey Spatula querquedula||winter||1993||1 unknown||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Teal Anas crecca||winter||1989||1 unknown||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2002||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis||resident||2002||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||non-breeding||2002||present||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Indochinese Cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera||resident||1999||1 unknown||good||A3||Least Concern|
|Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia||resident||1999||1 unknown||good||A3||Least Concern|
|Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi||resident||1999||1 unknown||good||A3||Least Concern|
|Plain-backed Sparrow Passer flaveolus||resident||1999||1 unknown||good||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Tram Chim||National Park||7,588||is identical to site||7,500|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Grassland||Grassland - edaphic, wet||64%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Permanent herbaceous swamps and bogs||6%|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Forestry & agro-industrial plantations||30%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Permanent Agriculture.|
|nature conservation and research||96%|
Other biodiversity Tram Chim is one of the few places in the Plain of Reeds where the Eleocharis and wild rice Oryza rufipogon community is likely to survive to any extent, and therefore one of the most important sites for the conservation of wild rice.
Protection status Protected as a Sarus Crane Reserve since 1986. In 1994 the area became a Nature Reserve, covering 7,500 ha and in 1998 it became established as a National Park, covering 7,588 ha. Buckton et al. (1999) describe an area of 7,740 ha and mention the site staff describing the area being 7,612 ha.
References Birdlife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Instutute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Buckton, S. T., Ngyuyen Cu, Nguyen Duc Tu and Ha Quy Quynh (1999) The conservation of key wetland sites in the Mekong delta. Hanoi: Birdlife International Vietnam programme.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tram Chim. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/10/2014
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