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Location Vietnam, Dong Thap
Central coordinates 105o 31.00' East  10o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 7,588 ha
Altitude 0 - 2m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description Tram Chim National Park supports one of the last remnants of the Plain of Reeds wetland ecosystem, which previously covered some 700,000 ha. The site is located 19 km to the east of the Mekong river. The topography of the national park is flat, and slopes slightly to the east. The site has large areas of seasonally inundated grassland and Melaleuca forest. Large populations of waterbirds are found at the site, particularly in the winter when many thousands of waterfowl visit.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Tram Chim is one of the few places in the Plain of Reeds where the Eleocharis and wild rice Oryza rufipogon community is likely to survive to any extent, and therefore one of the most important sites for the conservation of wild rice.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Garganey Spatula querquedula winter  1993  1 unknown  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca winter  1989  1 unknown  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2002  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis resident  2002  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone non-breeding  2002  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Indochinese Cuckooshrike Coracina polioptera resident  1999  1 unknown  good  A3  Least Concern 
Racket-tailed Treepie Crypsirina temia resident  1999  1 unknown  good  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi resident  1999  1 unknown  good  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-backed Sparrow Passer flaveolus resident  1999  1 unknown  good  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tram Chim National Park 7,588 is identical to site 7,500  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - edaphic, wet  64%
Wetlands (inland) Permanent herbaceous swamps and bogs  6%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry & agro-industrial plantations  30%
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 4%
Notes: Permanent Agriculture.
nature conservation and research 96%

Protection status Protected as a Sarus Crane Reserve since 1986. In 1994 the area became a Nature Reserve, covering 7,500 ha and in 1998 it became established as a National Park, covering 7,588 ha. Buckton et al. (1999) describe an area of 7,740 ha and mention the site staff describing the area being 7,612 ha.

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Vietnam: key sites for conservation (Tordoff 2002)

References Birdlife International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Instutute (2001) Sourcebook of existing and proposed protected areas in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: BirdLife International Vietnam Programme and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute.Buckton, S. T., Ngyuyen Cu, Nguyen Duc Tu and Ha Quy Quynh (1999) The conservation of key wetland sites in the Mekong delta. Hanoi: Birdlife International Vietnam programme.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tram Chim. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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