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Location Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of, Macedonia Kosovo
Central coordinates 20o 49.10' East  41o 57.50' North
IBA criteria A3, B2
Area 41,317 ha
Altitude 710 - 2,748m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Macedonian Ecological Society (Affiliate)

Site description High mountainous region (includes the peaks of Titov Vrh, Popova Šapka, and Kobilica), with river gorges, cliffs and rocky hillsides, alpine pastures, and woodland (coniferous and deciduous). Land-uses include cattle-grazing and forestry. The area extends into Kosovo (the given area of 12,000 ha includes the part in Kosovo).

Key Biodiversity Other breeding species include Pernis apivorus (1-2 pairs), Falco peregrinus (1 pair), Bonasa bonasia, Alectoris graeca, Dryocopus martius, Saxicola rubetra, Lanius collurio and Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax (50-100 pairs), and possibly include Tetrao urogallus, Strix uralensis, Aegolius funereus, Dendrocopos leucotos, Picoides tridactylus and Pyrrhocorax graculus. Gypaetus barbatus (1) and Gyps fulvus (15-20) also occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  2003  3 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1998  5-10 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus breeding  2005  100-200 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria breeding  2007  10-20 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis resident  2004  10-30 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris resident  2004  30-50 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  33%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  49%
Shrubland Heathland  4%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  3%
Other   1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Shar Planina Mountain. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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