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Location Netherlands, Friesland,Groningen
Central coordinates 6o 13.00' East  53o 22.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Area 7,820 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Vogelbescherming Nederland



Site description A dammed estuary, formerly part of the Wadden Sea (closed off in 1969), which has become freshwater, though the estuary structure remains. The surrounding area is mainly open grassland and arable land with scattered farms. The site is adjacent to the Wadden Sea (site 001) in the north, the Frisian Wadden Sea coast (014) in the west and the Groningen Wadden Sea coast (016) in the east. Hunting is allowed but with restrictions on quarry species (and will be terminated in the near future).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Pintail Anas acuta non-breeding  1991  11,702 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1991  7,508 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser non-breeding  1991  9,445 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis winter  1990  18,080 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  1990  65 individuals  good  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus winter  1990  3,053 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera non-breeding  1990  1,396 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope winter  1991  17,850 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata non-breeding  1991  2,740 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca non-breeding  1991  12,783 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia non-breeding  1990  164 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus breeding  1991  50 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1991  3 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1991  116 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Ruff Calidris pugnax breeding  1991  89 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  1991  63 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus breeding  1991  9 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bantpolder Nature Conservation Law 112 protected area contained by site 113  
Bochtjesplaat Nature Reserve 49 protected area contained by site 49  
Lauwersmeer Nature Conservation Law 2,500 protected area contained by site 4,617  
Lauwersmeer Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 5,800 protected area overlaps with site 5,800  
Lauwersmeer - NL9802012 Birds Directive 5,783 is identical to site 5,779  
Lauwersmeer I Natural Monument 5,504 protected area contained by site 5,504  
Lauwersmeer II Natural Monument 196 protected area contained by site 196  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  44%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  51%
Unknown   5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
fisheries/aquaculture 25%
water management 100%
hunting 10%
military 35%
nature conservation and research 73%
tourism/recreation 65%
urban/industrial/transport 26%

Protection status National High International High3,380 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Waddenzee I, 125,000 ha). 1,220 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Kwelders langs de noordkust van Groningen, 1,220 ha). 90 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Kwelders Groninger Noordkust, 90 ha). 43 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Uithuizerwad, 43 ha). 4,600 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Waddenzee, `250,000 ha' [official, incorrect figure]). 4,600 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Waddenzee, `250,000 ha' [official, incorrect figure]).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lauwersmeer. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife