email a friend
printable version
Location Netherlands, Friesland
Central coordinates 5o 45.00' East  53o 28.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 3,150 ha
Altitude 0 - 15m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Vogelbescherming Nederland



Site description A 22-km long area of sand-dunes on the eastern side of this barrier island in the Wadden Sea (adjacent to site 001). The width of the dunes varies from 100 m (near the main village) to 1.5 km. Other habitats include saltmarshes (Neerlands Reid), sandflats (De Hon), and intertidal mudflats. The site does not include the villages, extensive touristic facilities, or the grassland polders that are intensively used for dairy farming. Land-uses include natural-gas extraction, groundwater abstraction, hunting (restricted to rabbits), and reed-harvesting. The area lies close to an airfield.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Brent Goose Branta bernicla non-breeding  1991  9,327 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna non-breeding  1990  6,727 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris resident  1989  6 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Circus cyaneus breeding  1991  20 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus breeding  1992  28 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Haematopus ostralegus non-breeding  1991  54,916 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta non-breeding  1990  797 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola non-breeding  1990  2,066 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica winter  1991  134 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica passage  1991  13,025 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata non-breeding  1991  13,036 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Near Threatened 
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata winter  1990  6,331 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, B2, C3  Near Threatened 
Red Knot Calidris canutus winter  1991  2,050 individuals  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Dunlin Calidris alpina non-breeding  1990  20,463 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Dunlin Calidris alpina winter  1990  10,314 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus breeding  1991  28 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  1989  16 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds non-breeding  1990-1991  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
De Vleijen en Nesserbos Nature Reserve 50 protected area contained by site 50  
Duinen Ameland - NL2003057 Habitats Directive 2,016 protected area contained by site 2,016  
Duinen Ameland - NL3009005 Birds Directive 2,055 protected area contained by site 2,055  
Grauwe Duin e.o. Nature Reserve 48 protected area contained by site 48  
Hagedorenveld Nature Reserve 116 protected area contained by site 116  
Jan Roepeheide Nature Reserve 33 protected area contained by site 33  
Kievitspolle Nature Reserve 22 protected area contained by site 22  
Neerlands Reid Natural Monument 265 protected area contained by site 265  
Noordzeekustzone - NL2003062 Habitats Directive 24,838 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Noordzeekustzone - NL9802001 Birds Directive 123,646 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Oostbosje en landschapselementen Nature Reserve 12 protected area contained by site 12  
Roosduinen Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy 65 protected area contained by site 83  
Waddeneilanden,Noordzeekustzone,Breebaart Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 135,000 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Waddenzee - NL1000001 Habitats Directive 259,214 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Waddenzee - NL9801001 Birds Directive 272,027 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Waddenzee (Wadden Sea) Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 249,998 protected area overlaps with site 950  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Mud flats & sand flats; Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches  89%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  11%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 8%
hunting 100%
nature conservation and research 20%
tourism/recreation 58%
forestry 5%

Protection status National Partial International Partial265 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Neerlands Reid, 265 ha). 50 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (De Vleijen en Nesserbos, 50 ha). 48 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Grauwe Duin e.o., 48 ha). 116 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Hagedorenveld, 116 ha). 33 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Jan Roepeheide, 33 ha). 22 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Kievitspolle, 22 ha). 12 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Oostbosje en landschapselementen, 12 ha). 83 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Roosduinen, 83 ha). 950 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Waddenzee, `250,000 ha' [official, incorrect figure]). 950 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Waddenzee, `250,000 ha' [official, incorrect figure]).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ameland: Duinen-Oerd. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife