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Location Greece, East Macedonia and Thrace
Central coordinates 25o 55.00' East  40o 58.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 71,800 ha
Altitude 20 - 950m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description A forest complex at the south-eastern end of the Rodopi mountain. It is characterized by low hills covered with Quercus, Caprinus, Fraxinus and Acer woodland and scrub. Fagus forest dominates the northern area; Pinus forest and plantations occur in the south. Small wetlands are also found in the area.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding and wintering raptors and other resident species associated with forest. Breeding birds include eight of the 21 species that are restricted in Europe to the Mediterranean biome (when breeding). Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (breeding), Falco naumanni.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  3-4 breeding pairs  good  C6  Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus passage  common  A1, B1iii, C1, C2  Near Threatened 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  7-8 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  15-20 individuals  good  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  4-6 individuals  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  3-4 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  6-7 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  8-10 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Buteo rufinus resident  6-9 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  3-4 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  abundant  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli breeding  abundant  B3  Least Concern 
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum breeding  abundant  A3, B2, C6  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  frequent  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dadia - Lefkimmi - Soufli forest National Park 43,200 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Kirki Dimou Alexandroupolis Wildlife Refuge 1,390 protected area contained by site 823  
Nipsas - Drymou Dimou Tra¿anoupolis Wildlife Refuge 2,633 protected area contained by site 2,633  
Pylaias - Kavissou - Ferron Dimou Ferron Wildlife Refuge 931 protected area overlaps with site 205  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  62%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  7%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Water fringe vegetation  14%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  25%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  7%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
forestry 70%
military 10%
tourism/recreation 5%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National Low International None534 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Drimou/Nipsas, 534 ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Pylaia/Kavisou-Ferron, 650 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: South forest complex of Evros prefecture. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife