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Location Montenegro
Central coordinates 19o 15.00' East  42o 11.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 5 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Centre for Protection and Research of Birds of Montenegro (Affiliate)



Site description A large lake (also known as Lake Scutari) shared with Albania (Albanian site 001), situated near the town of Podgorica, with wetlands on the northern side; several rivers supply the lake.

Key Biodiversity This is a very important site for breeding, wintering and passage waterbirds, holding more than 20,000 individuals throughout the year. Numbers in winter range from 150,846 to 223,792, and in November numbers on passage regularly average 250,000. Breeding landbirds include six of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca resident  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Common Teal Anas crecca winter  1996  1,000-40,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1996  16,000-55,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  1998  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1996  13,000-45,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus winter  1996  1,000-6,500 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis winter  1996  4,000-22,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1998  300-400 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Egret Ardea alba winter  1996  100-600 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus resident  1998  9 breeding pairs  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus passage  8,000-10,000 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus resident  1,500-2,000 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1996  2,500-11,000 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1996  65,000-120,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum breeding  present  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1996  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed medium
unset
Unknown

Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors shipping lanes likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Skadarsko jezero National Park 40,000 protected area contained by site 40,000  
Skadarsko Jezero Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 20,000 protected area contained by site 20,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Grassland Humid grasslands  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -

Protection status National High International Partial40,000 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Skadarsko Jezero, 40,000 ha). 20,000 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Skadarsko Jezero, 20,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Skadar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife