|Central coordinates||104o 19.83' West 51o 54.06' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Site description The Quill Lakes are located immediately north of the town of Wynard in east-central Saskatchewan. The lakes are named (from west to east): Big Quill, Middle Quill (or Mud), and Little Quill Lakes. Middle Quill Lake is the smallest, while Big Quill is the largest - in fact the largest saline lake in Canada. During periods of high water levels, the lakes drain from west to east. The lakes, however, do not have an outlet. All three lakes are extremely shallow, such that any fluctuation of water level, or influence of the wind, can cause great differences in even the day-to-day location of the shoreline. The muddy and gravelly lakeshores are surrounded by grasslands, aspen parkland, and numerous freshwater marshes.
Key Biodiversity The lakes, Big Quill Lake in particular, support an exceptional number of breeding Piping Plovers. Over the last five years there has been an average of 284 birds observed (almost 7.5% of the global population, and over 25% of the Canadian northern Great Plains population). In 1996, 435 plovers were recorded, which was the largest breeding concentration in the world. During fall migration, the globally threatened Whooping Crane is also regularly observed at this site.
The Quill Lakes are also significant as a shorebird staging area (especially during the spring) with a one day peak count of 197,155 shorebirds being recorded during the spring of 1993. During a 1989-1992 study, several species were recorded in numbers (one day peak count averages) that exceeded 1% of their biogeographical populations, including Hudsonian Godwit, Least Sandpiper, Bairds Sandpiper, American Avocet and dowitcher. Especially large numbers of White-rumped Sandpipers (as much as 2% of their global population) and Stilt Sandpipers (as much as 8.9% of their global population) were also noted.
The Quill Lakes are also known as an important waterfowl breeding and staging area with hundreds of thousands of ducks, Sandhill Cranes (1.8% of their global population), Canada Geese, and Snow Geese using the area each fall.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis||passage||1985||12,000 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Whooping Crane Grus americana||passage||1997||1 individuals||-||A1||Endangered|
|Piping Plover Charadrius melodus||breeding||1996||435 individuals||-||A1,A4i||Near Threatened|
|Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica||passage||1990||1,450 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla||passage||1993||23,637 individuals||-||A4i||Near Threatened|
|Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus||passage||1990||8,961 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus||passage||1990||45,188 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||passage||1985||50,000-99,999 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Dafoe||Game Park||606||protected area overlaps with site||410|
|Mud Lake||Wildlife Refuge||65||protected area contained by site||840|
|Quill Lakes||Designation Not Known||37,936||protected area overlaps with site||38,000|
|Quill Lakes||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||63,500||protected area overlaps with site||57,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Grassland||Steppe & dry calcareous grassland||10%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Freshwater marshes/swamps; Saline/alkaline lakes||90%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||minor|
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Quill Lakes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/08/2016
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