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Location Canada, Saskatchewan
Central coordinates 105o 13.23' West  51o 25.26' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 32,000 ha
Altitude 494 - 503m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description Last Mountain Lake National Wildlife Area is located in east-central Saskatchewan, about 120 km southeast of Saskatchewan. The National Wildlife Area (NWA) includes the northern end of Last Mountain Lake, which is characterized by several shallow bays or ?fingers?. Portions of the fingers have been dammed forming several basins. The NWA includes 15,502 ha of lake, marsh, and upland at the north end of the lake. About 54% of the total area is native grasslands, and initiatives are underway to restore more area. Fire and grazing are used to keep existing grassland areas free of shrubs and exotic grasses.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons passage  1990  25,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens passage  1997  300,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis passage  1995  75,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Whooping Crane Grus americana passage  1997  2 individuals  A1  Endangered 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1990  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Last Mountain Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary 476 protected area contained by site 5,400  
Last Mountain Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary 476 protected area contained by site 13,000  
Last Mountain Lake Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 15,602 protected area contained by site 15,602  
Nokomis Community Pasture 5,956 protected area overlaps with site 2,600  
Wreford Community Pasture 5,636 protected area overlaps with site 880  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland Steppe & dry calcareous grassland  54%
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater marshes/swamps; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Saline/alkaline lakes  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Improved pasture land; Perennial crops, orchards, groves  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
nature conservation and research major
hunting minor
rangeland/pastureland minor
tourism/recreation major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Last Mountain Lake National Wildlife Area. Downloaded from on 17/09/2014

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