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Location Canada, Québec
Central coordinates 64o 21.57' West  48o 46.06' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 27,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 15m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description The Baie de Gaspé, at the tip of the Gaspé Peninsula, Quebec, is about 35 km in length. The town of Gaspé is at the west end of the bay. Two sandspits cut across the bay including the 3 km long Sandy Beach Point. Included in the study site are the sandflats and cliffs near Douglastown, the cliffs between Bighead Cape, the open waters of the bay, the shores up to the high tide mark, and the estuaries and salt marshes where the St. Jean, York and Dartmouth rivers meet the bay. Vegetation is dominated by low marsh species and Eelgrass grows in grassy areas. Atlantic Salmon use the three rivers, while a few whale species-at-risk visit the bay at times. Florillon National Park lies on the northern border of this site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis winter  1990  30,000 individuals  A4i  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1990  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Baie de Penouille 18-13-07 Wildlife Habitat, Waterfowl Gathering Area 65 protected area overlaps with site 64  
Cap Gaspé (Fontenelle) Faunal Habitat 2,400 protected area overlaps with site 2,400  
Dartmouth Salmon River - Quebec 775 protected area overlaps with site 47  
Embouchure de la Rivière Saint-Jean Faunal Habitat 598 protected area overlaps with site 600  
Estuaire de la Rivière Dartmouth Wildlife Habitat, Waterfowl Gathering Area 845 protected area overlaps with site 830  
Forillon National Park 24,035 protected area overlaps with site 440  
Pointe de Sandy Beach Faunal Habitat 19 protected area contained by site 19  
Saint - Jean 2 Salmon River - Quebec 1,123 protected area overlaps with site 44  
York Salmon River - Quebec 988 protected area overlaps with site 34  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Estuarine waters; Freshwater marshes/swamps; Rivers  -
Sea Open sea  -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
fisheries/aquaculture major
tourism/recreation major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Baie de Gaspé. Downloaded from on 20/09/2014

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