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Location Canada, Prince Edward Island
Central coordinates 63o 8.38' West  46o 25.81' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 3,200 ha
Altitude 0 - 15m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description Prince Edward Island National Park is located along the north (Gulf of St. Lawrence) shore of central Prince Edward Island. It is comprised of more than 40 km of shoreline that extends for the most part less than 1 km inland, except where the waters of enclosed bays have been included in the park. Most of the park consists of sand dunes and sand spits, with salt marsh along the landward edges (facing the enclosed bays). The main beaches and sandspits within the park include: Cavendish Sandspit, North Rustico Beach, Rustico Island Sandspit, Rustico Island Causeway, Brackley Main Beach, Covehead Harbour, Blooming Point, and Greenwich. A section of coastal cliffs (about 10 km long) is located to the east of Cavendish Sandspit. The climate consists of relatively warm summers and long winters that are notably windy.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus breeding  1997  15 breeding pairs  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Prince Edward Island National Park 2,150 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Wetlands (inland) Bogs; Estuarine waters; Freshwater lakes and pools; Freshwater marshes/swamps; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Salt/brackish marshes  40%
Sea Open sea; Sea inlets  20%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Urban parks and gardens  30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: PEI National Park. Downloaded from on 30/09/2014

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