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Location Canada, Prince Edward Island
Central coordinates 63o 44.97' West  46o 30.06' North
IBA criteria A4iii
Area 57,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 40m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description Malpeque Bay is located along the north (Gulf of St. Lawrence) shore of west-central P.E.I. It is comprised of a large shallow bay (average depth 4 m, maximum 13 m) that is enclosed by a 25 km long coastal sandspit and dune system on the seaward side. Tidal marshes and inlets are located along the landward side of the bay. The coastline within the bay is characterized by a zone of intertidal mud that varies in width up to a maximum of 1 km. Within the bay, there are nine islands, five of which are forested with the other four being characterized by grasses and shrubs. The adjacent lands are used primarily for agricultural purposes (especially potatoes and oats) with a small area of urban/industrial use along the southwest side.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1995  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Malpeque Bay Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 24,440 protected area contained by site 20,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Estuarine waters; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Salt/brackish marshes; Sand dunes and beaches  -
Sea Sea inlets  50%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
nature conservation and research minor
fisheries/aquaculture major
hunting minor

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Malpeque Bay. Downloaded from on 30/08/2014

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