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Location Canada, Ontario
Central coordinates 79o 43.87' West  51o 22.54' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 34,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description East Point is located in Ontario on the eastern edge of southeastern James Bay. It is about 70 km east of Moosonee, and within 15 km of the Québec border. The site includes the southeast side of James Bay, and extends north from East Point for about 10 km to Gull Point (near the Québec border), and south for about 15 km to the Missisicabi River. The area south of East Point contains some of the widest coastal marshes within James Bay. Supertidal marshes extend as far as 6 to 7 km inland, while intertidal marshes and mudflats extend another 2 to 3 km offshore. In some areas north of the point, scrubby vegetation extends almost to the shore, but mudflats and shoals are present and in some areas they are as extensive as they are farther south. In many respects, this site forms an extension of the Hannah Bay IBA, which is located immediately to the south.

Key Biodiversity During the fall of 1986, a total of 10,000 Brant (ssp. hrota), were observed at East Point over a 24-day period. This would represent about 8% of the estimated eastern North American population. Other birds occurring in significant numbers include 34,000 Oldsquaw (representing about 1.2% of the estimated North American population), and 18,000 Dunlin, (representing about 8% of the central Canadian breeding population).

In addition to waterbirds, large concentrations of landbirds were also recorded at this site. During the 1986 study, a total of 1,107 Rough-legged Hawks was observed at this site over an 18-day period (about 1.5% of the estimated Canadian population), as were 18,000 to 20,000 Common Redpolls over a 15 day period.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Brent Goose Branta bernicla passage  1985  10,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis passage  1985  34,000 individuals  A4i  Vulnerable 
Dunlin Calidris alpina passage  1985  18,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1985  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hannah Bay Migratory Bird Sanctuary 29,500 protected area contained by site 6,300  
Southern James Bay (Moose River and Hannah Bay) Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 25,290 protected area overlaps with site 13,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  -
Wetlands (inland) Fens transition mires & springs; Freshwater marshes/swamps; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Salt/brackish marshes  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
hunting minor

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: East Point. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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