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Location Canada, Ontario
Central coordinates 76o 43.19' West  44o 8.46' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 11,000 ha
Altitude 174 - 184m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description Amherst Island lies at the northeast corner of Lake Ontario between Wolfe Island, 18 km to the east, and the peninsula of Prince Edward County to the west. It is about 4 km southwest of Kingston, Ontario, and 2 km south of Bath. The oval-shaped and fairly flat island, is comprised of farmland interspersed with woodlots and areas of marsh. A network of gravel roads criss-crosses the island. Secluded bays with sand and gravel beaches are located along the shoreline, and there is a sandbar off the northeast corner of the island. The largest town, Stella, lies along the northern shoreline, opposite Millhaven on the mainland. The offshore lacustrine areas and the beaches and sandbars are favoured by staging waterfowl and shorebirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Brent Goose Branta bernicla passage  1997  4,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Temperate mixed woods  10%
Shrubland Scrub  10%
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools; Freshwater marshes/swamps  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Improved pasture land; Perennial crops, orchards, groves; Urban and industrial areas; Urban parks and gardens  70%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
nature conservation and research minor
rangeland/pastureland major
tourism/recreation major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Amherst Island. Downloaded from on 19/09/2014

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