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Location Canada, Ontario
Central coordinates 76o 58.58' West  43o 55.31' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii
Area 37,000 ha
Altitude 75 - 90m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description Prince Edward Point is located along the north shore of Lake Ontario within southern Ontario. It is a narrow point of land that extends approximately 10 km into the lake. Shoals and areas of deeper water are located off the tip. The Point is comprised of shallow soil over limestone bedrock. Much of the habitat consists of old field (savannah) and shrub thickets, with small deciduous and coniferous forests being present. In addition to being important for migrating birds, the site also supports several rare vascular plants including Ontario aster, downy wood mint, clammyweed, among others. Largely undisturbed sites are important to ensure survival of these plants.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Scaup Aythya marila passage  1994  39,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Melanitta fusca winter  1996  15,000 individuals  A4i  Not Recognised 
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis winter  1997  37,785 individuals  A4i  Vulnerable 
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia passage  1996  10,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1994  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Timber Island Nature Reserve 45 protected area contained by site 45  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Temperate coniferous forest; Temperate deciduous woods  -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools; Freshwater marshes/swamps  -
Artificial - terrestrial Abandoned or fallow farmland, disturbed ground  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Prince Edward Point. Downloaded from on 21/10/2014

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