email a friend
printable version
Location Greece, North Aegean
Central coordinates 26o 0.00' East  39o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 34,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 799m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Site description A rugged area dominated by phrygana with dispersed Quercus macrolepis. The inaccessible northern areas of the site are dominated by maquis. Human activities include livestock-farming, tourism and quarrying.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for breeding and passage raptors and also other migrants. Breeding birds include nine of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (non-breeding), Aquila clanga (non-breeding), Larus audouinii (non-breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1996  5-10 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Least Concern 
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae breeding  1996  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  1996  frequent  C6  Not Recognised 
Buteo rufinus resident  1996  5 breeding pairs  good  B2  Not Recognised 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  1996  frequent  C6  Least Concern 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  1996  uncommon  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1996  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea breeding  1996  100-250 breeding pairs  good  A1, A3, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  1996  common  A3, B3, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Apolithomena (Sigriou) Wildlife Refuge 2,007 protected area contained by site 2,007  
Maliontas-Tavari-Krouso (Mesotopou) Wildlife Refuge 911 protected area overlaps with site 864  
Megalonisi-Nisioti (Sigriou) Wildlife Refuge 94 protected area contained by site 94  
Mesoros (Agra) Wildlife Refuge 699 protected area contained by site 699  
Petrified Forest of Lesbos Island Natural Monument 15,000 protected area overlaps with site 12,062  
Skamniouda (Antissas) Wildlife Refuge 780 protected area contained by site 780  
Vatheia Koilada-Kelemia (Antissas) Wildlife Refuge 446 protected area contained by site 446  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  10%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  70%
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation  5%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 70%
nature conservation and research 10%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
tourism/recreation 10%
not utilised 10%

Protection status National Partial International NonePart of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Mesoros/Agra Lesvou, 600 ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Apolithomena/Sigriou, 800 ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Skamniouda/Antissas, 600 ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Vathia Koilada-Kelemia Antissas, 400 ha). 15,000 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Petrified Forest of Lesbos Island, 15,000 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife