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Location Greece, Ipiros
Central coordinates 20o 30.00' East  39o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C1, C6
Area 21,000 ha
Altitude 200 - 1,806m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Hellenic Ornithological Society



Site description A mountainous area on the border with Albania. At higher altitudes there are extensive areas of alpine pasture and some conifer forests. Lower down, deciduous forest and scrub dominates. Human activities include stock-raising, hunting, and forestry.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila heliaca.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1997  common  A1, C1  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1997  3 breeding pairs  good  C6  Endangered 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1997  2-3 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1997  10-20 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis breeding  1997  common  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
ORI TSAMANTA, FILIATON, FARMAKOVOUNI, MEGALI RACHI - GR2120009 Birds Directive 19,854 protected area contained by site 19,854  
Panagia-Kourouza-Makralexi/Lavdani-Ag. Marina Pogo Game Refuge 1,350 protected area overlaps with site 1,350  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  60%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  20%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  20%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Ruderal land  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 50%
forestry -
not utilised -

Protection status National Low International None1,350 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Panagia-Kourouza-Makralexi/Lavdani-Ag. Marina Pogo, 1,350 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mounts Tsamanta, Filiaton, Pharmakovouni, and Megali Rahi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife