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Location Canada, Nunavut
Central coordinates 79o 29.98' West  72o 55.27' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Area 200,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description Bylot Island is located at the south-eastern corner of the Lancaster Sound along the northern edge of Baffin Island. Navy Board Inlet, Eclipse Sound, and Pond Inlet separate Bylot Island from the much larger Baffin Island to the south and west. Much of Bylot Island is characterized by glaciers and mountains that rise to an elevation of 1900 metres above sea level. A rolling outwash plain occurs on the southwest corner of the island, directly north of Eclipse Sound. Glacial rivers have dissected the plain, which rises about 60 metres above sea level and slopes gradually upwards to the mountains. The vegetation on the plain is dominated by low shrub-herb, and shrub-sedge tundra. In the river valleys, heath, willow, and other flowering plants are more common.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens non-breeding  1993  156,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea non-breeding  1994  75 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia breeding  1975  420,000 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1975  100,000-499,999 breeding pairs  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bylot Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary 1,263,500 protected area overlaps with site 140,000  
Sirmilik National Park 2,210,732 protected area overlaps with site 110,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Tundra  -
Coastline Rocky flats & barrens  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Southwest Bylot. Downloaded from on 02/09/2014

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