email a friend
printable version
Location Canada, Manitoba
Central coordinates 97o 39.02' West  50o 20.46' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 21,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description North, West, and East Shoal lakes are located in the southern part of the Interlake region of Manitoba. The area used to consist of one lake, but in 1912 when the Wagon Creek drain was constructed, the water level fell four to five metres. The lakes are alkaline and contain a number of islands. There are some rocky areas around these lakes and the country surrounding them is generally cattle pasture and is extremely flat. The flat terrain means that fluctuations in water levels significantly affect the presence of different habitats.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens passage  1995  200,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Canada Goose Branta canadensis passage  1995  100,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos breeding  1986  1,935 nests  A4i  Least Concern 
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus breeding  1994  67 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1995  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland Edaphic grassland; Steppe & dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater marshes/swamps; Rivers  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
nature conservation and research major
hunting major
rangeland/pastureland major

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: North, West, and East Shoal Lakes. Downloaded from on 22/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife