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Location Canada, Labrador
Central coordinates 56o 31.75' West  53o 58.26' North
IBA criteria A4ii, A4iii
Area 24,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Bird Studies Canada/Nature Canada

Site description The Gannet Islands are a remote group of seven islands at the mouth of Sandwich Bay. The nearest point on the mainland is Cape North, approximately 17 km away. Six of the islands, the Gannet Clusters, are located in close proximity to one another. The seventh island, Outer Gannet, is located approximately seven km to the north. All of the islands are low lying and rocky. The vegetation is dominated by dwarf heath scrub with sedges, and grasses characteristic of the tundra may also be present.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Murre Uria aalge breeding  1983  63,087 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
Razorbill Alca torda breeding  1983  5,400 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica breeding  1983  49,705 breeding pairs  A4ii  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1975-1983  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gannet Islands Ecological Reserve 22,700 protected area contained by site 19,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland Tundra  -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gannet Islands. Downloaded from on 02/10/2014

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